State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Chem, Campinas, SP - Brazil
 Univ Calif San Diego, Sch Med, Dept Neurosci, La Jolla, CA 92093 - USA
 Univ Calif San Diego, Ctr Invest Hlth & Educ Dispar, La Jolla, CA 92093 - USA
Total Affiliations: 7
International Journal of Biological Macromolecules;
JUL 1 2021.
Web of Science Citations:
The 70 kDa heat shock proteins (Hsp70) are prone to self-assembly under thermal stress conditions, forming supramolecular assemblies (SMA), what may have detrimental consequences for cellular viability. In mitochondria, the cochaperone Hsp70-escort protein 1 (Hep1) maintains mitochondrial Hsp70 (mtHsp70) in a soluble and functional state, contributing to preserving proteostasis. Here we investigated the interaction between human Hep1 (hHep1) and HSPA9 (human mtHsp70) or HSPA1A (Hsp70-1A) in monomeric and thermic SMA states to unveil further information about the involved mechanisms. hHep1 was capable of blocking the formation of HSPA SMAs under a thermic treatment and stimulated HSPA ATPase activity in both monomeric and preformed SMA. The interaction of hHep1 with both monomeric and SMA HSPAs displayed a stoichiometric ratio close to 1, suggesting that hHep1 has access to most protomers within the SMA. Interestingly, hHep1 remodeled HSPA9 and HSPA1A SMAs into smaller forms. Furthermore, hHep1 was detected in the mitochondria and nucleus of cells transfected with the respective coding DNA and interacted with liposomes resembling mitochondrial membranes. Altogether, these new features reinforce that hHep1 act as a \& ldquo;chaperone for a chaperone \& rdquo;, which may play a critical role in cellular proteostasis. (c) 2021 Elsevier B.V. All rights reserved. (AU)