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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Spontaneous Behaviors of Post-Orchiectomy Pain in Horses Regardless of the Effects of Time of Day, Anesthesia, and Analgesia

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Author(s):
Esteves Trindade, Pedro Henrique [1] ; Taffarel, Marilda Onghero [2] ; Loureiro Luna, Stelio Pacca [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Vet Med & Anim Sci, Dept Vet Surg & Anim Reprod, BR-18618681 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Maringa State Univ UEM, Dept Vet Med, BR-87502970 Maringa, Parana - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANIMALS; v. 11, n. 6 JUN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

Simple Summary Confounding factors may hinder the estimation of pain in horses. The current study aimed to identify spontaneous post-castration pain behaviors in horses regardless of the effects of anesthesia, analgesia, and recording time of day. Twenty-four horses divided into four groups were submitted to inhalation anesthesia only or combined with pre-operative analgesia, or castration under pre or postoperative analgesia. Thirty-four behaviors were evaluated in seven 60-min time-point recordings in the 24 h after anesthesia and at mirrored time-points in the 24 h before the anesthesia. Results showed changes in the behaviors of walk, look out the window, rest the pelvic limb, and rest standing still when assessed in the morning, afternoon, and night. The only pain-related behaviors observed regardless of the effects of time of the day, anesthesia, and analgesia, were a decrease in the mirrored proportional differences in time spent drinking and eating, and an increase in the mirrored proportional differences in the frequencies of look at the wound, retract the pelvic limb, expose the penis, and look at the back of the stall. In conclusion, confounding factors rather than pain may influence several suggestive pain behaviors documented in equine literature. This prospective and longitudinal study aimed to identify spontaneous post-orchiectomy pain behaviors in horses regardless of the effects of anesthesia, analgesia, and recording time of day. Twenty-four horses divided into four groups were submitted to: inhalation anesthesia only (GA), or combined with previous analgesia (GAA), or orchiectomy under pre (GCA), or postoperative (GC) analgesia. The data obtained from the subtraction of frequency and/or duration of 34 behaviors recorded during seven 60-min time-points in the 24 h after the anesthesia from those recorded in the mirrored time-points in the 24 h before the anesthesia (delta) were compared over time and among groups by Friedman and Kruskal-Wallis tests, respectively (p < 0.05). Time of day influenced the behaviors of walk, look out the window, rest the pelvic limb, and rest standing still. The only pain-related behaviors were decreased mirrored proportional differences in time spent drinking, and eating, and increased mirrored proportional differences in the frequency or duration of look at the wound, retract the pelvic limb, expose the penis, and look at the back of the stall. In conclusion, confounding factors rather than pain may influence several suggestive pain-related behaviors documented in the literature. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/12815-0 - Pain and quality of life in animals
Grantee:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 10/08967-0 - Evaluation of clinical and experimental pain in animals
Grantee:Stelio Pacca Loureiro Luna
Support type: Research Projects - Thematic Grants