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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Different selection practices affect the environmental sensitivity of beef cattle

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Freitas, Anielly de Paula [1] ; Santana Junior, Mario Luiz [2] ; Schenkel, Flavio Schramm [3] ; Zerlotti Mercadante, Maria Eugenia [2] ; dos Santos Goncalves Cyrillo, Joslaine Noely [2] ; Paro de Paz, Claudia Cristina [1, 2]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Dept Genet, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Anim Sci Inst APTA SAA, Adv Beef Cattle Res Ctr, Sertaozinho, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Guelph, Ctr Genet Improvement Livestock, Dept Anim Biosci, Guelph, ON - Canada
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 16, n. 4 APR 2 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The objective of the present study was to evaluate the effects of different selection practices on the environmental sensitivity of reproductive and growth traits in males and females of three Nellore selection lines {[}control (NeC), selection (NeS), and traditional (NeT) lines]. Moreover, genetic trends for the intercept and slope were estimated for each line, and the possible reranking of sires was examined. A total of 8,757 records of selection weight (SW), 3,331 records of scrotal circumference (SC), and 2,311 records of days to first calving (DFC) from Nellore cattle born between 1981 and 2017 were analyzed. (Co)variance components and genetic parameters of all traits were estimated using a reaction norm model with Gibbs sampler. In all cattle lines, the mean heritability of the studied traits ranged from 0.39 to 0.75 for SW in both males and females, from 0.46 to 0.68 for SC, and from 0.06 to 0.57 for DFC along with the environmental descriptor. In all cattle lines, the genetic correlation coefficients between the intercept and slope ranged from 0.03 to 0.81 for SW, from -0.14 to 0.39 for SC, and from -0.87 to -0.42 for DFC. Genetic trends for the slope and proportion of plastic genotypes indicated that the NeS line was more responsive to environmental changes, whereas the NeC and NeT lines tended to respond more modestly. Reranking of sires was observed for all traits, specifically in the NeC and NeT lines, because of the weak correlation between the opposite extreme environments. In the NeS line, reranking of sires was observed for DFC alone. Our results indicate that the effects of genotype-environment interaction are important and should be considered in genetic evaluations of Nellore cattle. Moreover, different selection practices affected the environmental sensitivity of the Nellore selection lines tested in this study. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/17517-4 - Reaction Norm models for study genotype x environment interaction in Nellore cattle
Grantee:Anielly de Paula Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/01814-8 - Reaction Norm models for study genotype by environment interaction in Nellore cattle
Grantee:Anielly de Paula Freitas
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate