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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

he Role of Fatty Acids in Ceramide Pathways and Their Influence on Hypothalamic Regulation of Energy Balance: A Systematic Revie

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Author(s):
Reginato, Andressa [1, 2, 3] ; Veras, Alana Carolina Costa [2, 3] ; Baqueiro, Mayara da Nobrega [2, 3] ; Panzarin, Carolina [2, 3] ; Siqueira, Beatriz Piatezzi [2, 3] ; Milanski, Marciane [2, 3] ; Lisboa, Patricia Cristina [1] ; Torsoni, Adriana Souza [2, 3]
Total Authors: 8
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Estado Rio De Janeiro, UERJ, Biol Inst, BR-20551030 Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Fac Sci Appl, BR-13484350 Campinas - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, UNICAMP, Obes & Comorbid Res Ctr, BR-13083864 Campinas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Review article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF MOLECULAR SCIENCES; v. 22, n. 10 MAY 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 2
Abstract

Obesity is a global health issue for which no major effective treatments have been well established. High-fat diet consumption is closely related to the development of obesity because it negatively modulates the hypothalamic control of food intake due to metaflammation and lipotoxicity. The use of animal models, such as rodents, in conjunction with in vitro models of hypothalamic cells, can enhance the understanding of hypothalamic functions related to the control of energy balance, thereby providing knowledge about the impact of diet on the hypothalamus, in addition to targets for the development of new drugs that can be used in humans to decrease body weight. Recently, sphingolipids were described as having a lipotoxic effect in peripheral tissues and the central nervous system. Specifically, lipid overload, mainly from long-chain saturated fatty acids, such as palmitate, leads to excessive ceramide levels that can be sensed by the hypothalamus, triggering the dysregulation of energy balance control. However, no systematic review has been undertaken regarding studies of sphingolipids, particularly ceramide and sphingosine-1-phosphate (S1P), the hypothalamus, and obesity. This review confirms that ceramides are associated with hypothalamic dysfunction in response to metaflammation, endoplasmic reticulum (ER) stress, and lipotoxicity, leading to insulin/leptin resistance. However, in contrast to ceramide, S1P appears to be a central satiety factor in the hypothalamus. Thus, our work describes current evidence related to sphingolipids and their role in hypothalamic energy balance control. Hypothetically, the manipulation of sphingolipid levels could be useful in enabling clinicians to treat obesity, particularly by decreasing ceramide levels and the inflammation/endoplasmic reticulum stress induced in response to overfeeding with saturated fatty acids. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/03351-5 - LIVER REGENERATION CAPABILITY ASSESSMENT AND ITS RELATIONSHIP WITH LIN28/LET-7 PATHWAY IN THE OFFSPRING OF MICE SUBMITTED TO HIGH-FAT DIET DURING GESTATION AND LACTATION
Grantee:Adriana Souza Torsoni
Support type: Regular Research Grants