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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

MicroRNA Let-7 targets AMPK and impairs hepatic lipid metabolism in offspring of maternal obese pregnancies

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Simino, Lais A. P. [1] ; Panzarin, Carolina [1] ; Fontana, Marina F. [1] ; de Fante, Thais [1] ; Geraldo, Murilo V. [2] ; Ignacio-Souza, Leticia M. [1] ; Milanski, Marciane [1] ; Torsoni, Marcio A. [1] ; Ross, Michael G. [3, 4] ; Desai, Mina [3, 4] ; Torsoni, Adriana S. [1]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Fac Appl Sci FCA, Lab Metab Disorders Labdime, 1300 Pedro Zaccaria St, BR-13484350 Limeira, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol IB, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Calif Los Angeles, Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Lundquist Inst, Los Angeles, CA - USA
[4] Univ Calif Los Angeles, David Geffen Sch Med, Harbor UCLA Med Ctr, Los Angeles, CA 90095 - USA
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: SCIENTIFIC REPORTS; v. 11, n. 1 APR 26 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Nutritional status during gestation may lead to a phenomenon known as metabolic programming, which can be triggered by epigenetic mechanisms. The Let-7 family of microRNAs were one of the first to be discovered, and are closely related to metabolic processes. Bioinformatic analysis revealed that Prkaa2, the gene that encodes AMPK alpha 2, is a predicted target of Let-7. Here we aimed to investigate whether Let-7 has a role in AMPK alpha 2 levels in the NAFLD development in the offspring programmed by maternal obesity. Let-7 levels were upregulated in the liver of newborn mice from obese dams, while the levels of Prkaa2 were downregulated. Let-7 levels strongly correlated with serum glucose, insulin and NEFA, and in vitro treatment of AML12 with glucose and NEFA lead to higher Let-7 expression. Transfection of Let-7a mimic lead to downregulation of AMPK alpha 2 levels, while the transfection with Let-7a inhibitor impaired both NEFA-mediated reduction of Prkaa2 levels and the fat accumulation driven by NEFA. The transfection of Let-7a inhibitor in ex-vivo liver slices from the offspring of obese dams restored phospho-AMPK alpha 2 levels. In summary, Let-7a appears to regulate hepatic AMPK alpha 2 protein levels and lead to the early hepatic metabolic disturbances in the offspring of obese dams. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/01947-7 - Evaluation of let7 and lin28 and the related effects on glucose homeostasis in offspring from obese dams
Grantee:Laís Angélica de Paula Simino
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate