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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Compounds with Distinct Targets Present Diverse Antimicrobial and Antibiofilm Efficacy against Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans, and Combinations of Compounds Potentiate Their Effect

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Lobo, Carmelia Isabel Vitorino [1] ; Lopes, Ana Carolina Urbano de Araujo [1] ; Klein, Marlise Inez [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Dent Mat & Prosthodont, Rua Humaita 1680, BR-14801903 Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF FUNGI; v. 7, n. 5 MAY 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Candida albicans and Streptococcus mutans interact synergistically in biofilms associated with a severe form of dental caries. Their synergism is driven by dietary sucrose. Thus, it is necessary to devise strategies to hinder the development of those biofilms and prevent cavities. Six compounds {[}tt-farnesol (sesquiterpene alcohol that decreases the bacterium acidogenicity and aciduricity and a quorum sensing fungal molecule), myricetin (flavonoid that interferes with S. mutans exopolysaccharides production), two 2'-hydroxychalcones and 4'-hydroxychalcone (intermediate metabolites for flavonoids), compound 1771 (inhibitor of lipoteichoic synthase in Gram-positive bacteria)] with targets in both fungus and bacterium and their products were investigated for their antimicrobial and antibiofilm activities against single-species cultures. The compounds and concentrations effective on single-species biofilms were tested alone and combined with or without fluoride to control initial and pre-formed dual-species biofilms. All the selected treatments eliminated both species on initial biofilms. In contrast, some combinations eliminated the bacterium and others the fungus in pre-formed biofilms. The combinations 4'-hydroxychalcone+tt-farnesol+myricetin, 4'-hydroxychalcone+tt-farnesol+fluoride, and all compounds together with fluoride were effective against both species in pre-formed biofilms. Therefore, combinations of compounds with distinct targets can prevent C. albicans and S. mutans dual-species biofilm build-up in vitro. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 20/02946-2 - Influence of agents and extracellular matrix in the generation of persisters cells in biofilms and characterization of the extracellular matrix produced by persisters cells
Grantee:Ana Carolina Urbano de Araujo Lopes
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master