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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

High occurrence of heavy metal tolerance genes in bacteria isolated from wastewater: A new concern?

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Author(s):
Zagui, Guilherme Sgobbi [1] ; Moreira, Natalia Columbaro [2] ; Santos, Danilo Vitorino [3] ; Darini, Ana Lucia Costa [2] ; Domingo, Jose L. [4] ; Segura-Munoz, Susana Ines [1] ; Andrade, Leonardo Neves [2]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Coll Nursing Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Chem Residues, Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Rovira & Virgili, Sch Med, Lab Toxicol & Environm Hlth, Reus 43210, Catalonia - Spain
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Research; v. 196, MAY 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Some heavy metals have antimicrobial activity and are considered as potential alternatives to traditional antibiotic therapy. However, heavy metal tolerance genes (HMTG) have been already detected and coding different tolerance mechanisms. Considering that certain metals are promising for antimicrobial therapy, evaluation of HMTG dissemination in bacteria from sewage is essential to understand the evolution of these bacteria and to predict antimicrobial use and control. The present study aimed to evaluate the occurrence of bacteria carrying HMTG in samples of hospital wastewater and from urban wastewater treatment plant (WWTP). The acquired HMTG were investigated by PCR in bacterial collection previously characterized for antibiotic resistant genes (ARGs). HMTG searched include arsB (arsenic efflux pump), czcA (cadmium, zinc and cobalt efflux pump), merA (mercuric reductase), pcoD (copper efflux pump), silA (silver efflux pump) and terF (tellurite resistance protein). Among 45 isolates, 82% of them carried at last one HMTG, in which the silA and pcoD tolerance genes were the most prevalent. A very strong positive correlation was found between these genes (r = 0.91, p < 0.0001). Tolerance genes merA, arsB, czcA and terF were detected in 47%, 13%, 13% and 7% of the isolates, respectively. It was found that 15 isolates co-harbored ARGs (?-lactamase encoding genes). HMTG are probably more dispersed than ARGs in bacteria, representing a new concern for heavy metals use as effective antimicrobials. To the best of our knowledge, this is the first study on the HMTG searched in Hafnia alvei, Serratia fonticola and Serratia liquefaciens. Hospital wastewater treatment implementation and additional technologies for treatment in WWTP can reduce the impacts on water resources and HMTG spread, ensureing the environmental and human health safety. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/05938-3 - Antibiotics, toxic metals and multiresistant bacteria in hospital and urban sewage and their potential impact on receiving water ecosystems
Grantee:Guilherme Sgobbi Zagui
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/18663-2 - Antibiotics, toxic metals and multiresistant bacteria in hospital and urban sewage and their potential impact on receiving water ecosystems
Grantee:Susana Segura Muñoz
Support type: Regular Research Grants