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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

How Fair is Economic Inequality? Belief in a Just World and the Legitimation of Economic Disparities in 27 European Countries

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Author(s):
Garcia-Sanchez, Efrain [1, 2] ; Correia, Isabel [3] ; Pereira, Cicero R. [4, 5] ; Willis, Guillermo B. [1] ; Rodriguez-Bailon, Rosa [1] ; Vala, Jorge [5]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Granada, Granada - Spain
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Nucleo Estudos Violencia NEV USP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] CIS IUL, Inst Univ Lisboa ISCTE IUL, Lisbon - Portugal
[4] Univ Fed Paraiba, Joao Pessoa, Paraiba - Brazil
[5] Univ Lisbon, Inst Social Sci, Lisbon - Portugal
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: PERSONALITY AND SOCIAL PSYCHOLOGY BULLETIN; APR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

This article aims to examine the role of Belief in a Just World (BJW) in the legitimation of economic inequality. Using data from 27 European countries (N=47,086), we conducted multilevel analyses and found that BJW positively predicted the legitimation of economic inequality, measured by three indicators: the perceived fairness of the overall wealth inequality, and the fairness of the earnings made by the Top 10% and the Bottom 10% of society. These results persisted after controlling for individual- and country-level variables. Moreover, the BJW effect was stronger on the legitimation of the Bottom 10% incomes, compared to the legitimation of the Top 10%. We also found that economic inequality at the country-level reduced the BJW effect on legitimation of inequality. Finally, BJW displayed a negative indirect effect on support for redistribution, via the legitimation of economic inequalities. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/10046-4 - Extending the procedural justice model of institutional legitimacy: the role of social conditions and individual experiences
Grantee:Efraín García Sanchez
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 13/07923-7 - Center of the Study of Violence - NEV/USP
Grantee:Sergio França Adorno de Abreu
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC