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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Evolution of sexual dimorphism and polychromatism in a lineage of tiger moths (Lepidoptera: Erebidae): advancing knowledge of a taxonomically chaotic group

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Moraes, Simeao de Souza [1, 2] ; Murrillo-Ramos, Leidys [3] ; Duarte, Marcelo [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Ave Nazare 481, BR-04263000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Inst Biociencias, Dept Biol Anim, Ave Bertrand Russell, BR-13083970 Campinas - Brazil
[3] Univ Sucre, Dept Biol, Carrera 28 5-267 Barrio Puerta Roja Sincelejo, Sucre - Colombia
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: CLADISTICS; v. 37, n. 6 APR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1

Pericopina is divided into 36 genera, with the greatest diversity recorded in the Neotropics. Studies on the taxonomy and systematics of pericopines are scarce, and one of the few phylogenetic hypotheses available in the literature places some Afro-Indo-Malayan lineages among the Neotropical representatives. Through a survey of adult morphological characters, we analyzed the phylogenetic relationships in Pericopina including Nyctemera and other Afro-Indo-Malayan genera as putative members of this subtribe. Additionally, we tested the monophyly of Dysschema, a key genus to understanding the evolutionary patterns of the extreme sexual dimorphism and polychromatism in Pericopina. Our cladistic analysis, based on 162 morphological characters, suggests that Pericopina is a polyphyletic group. Xenosoma is the only genus among the Neotropical pericopines related to the Afro-Indo-Malayan species; Scearctia is closely related to Lithosiini, and Pteroodes shows morphological similarities with Phaegopterina. Additionally, Seileria is a new junior subjective synonym of Thyrgis. The monophyly of Dysschema is supported only if the monotypic genera Myserla and Are are included. These are herein designated new synonyms of Dysschema. Our findings suggest that intersexual polychromatism and intersexual polymorphism for wing characters have arisen multiple times in the evolutionary history of Pericopina. Intersexual polychromatism is also widely distributed within Dysschema, perhaps representing a derived feature with multiple origins in the genus. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/17047-5 - Inventory of herbivores in Piperaceae species
Grantee:Simeão de Souza Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/20196-5 - Morphological, molecular diversity and tribal assignment of the genus Eois Hübner 1818 (Lepidoptera: Geometridae, Larentiinae)
Grantee:Simeão de Souza Moraes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 09/11161-0 - Cladistic analysis and taxonomic delimitation of the genus Dysschema Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera, Noctuidae, Arctiinae, Arctiini, Pericopina)
Grantee:Simeão de Souza Moraes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 12/18311-0 - Cladistic analysis and taxonomy of the genus Dysschema Hübner, 1818 (Lepidoptera, Erebidae, Arctiinae, Pericopina)
Grantee:Simeão de Souza Moraes
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate