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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Craniocervical flexion test in patients with migraine: Discriminative validity and accuracy

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Author(s):
Rodrigues, Amanda [1] ; Florencio, Lidiane Lima [2] ; Martins, Jaqueline [1] ; Bragatto, Marcela Mendes [1] ; Fernandez-de-las-Penas, Cesar [2] ; Dach, Fabiola [3] ; Bevilaqua-Grossi, Debora [1]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Hlth Sci, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[2] King Juan Carlos Univ, Dept Physiotherapy Occupat Therapy Rehabil & Phys, Madrid - Spain
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Neurosci & Behav Sci, Ribeirao Preto Med Sch, Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF CLINICAL PRACTICE; v. 75, n. 7 MAY 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Objectives To evaluate the discriminative validity and provide a clinical cut-off of the craniocervical flexion test (CCFT) in migraineurs stratified by the report of neck pain, headache-related disability and neck disability. Methods Fifty women without headache and 102 women with migraine were recruited by convenience from a local tertiary care setting. Migraine diagnosis followed the International Classification of Headache Disorders. All volunteers underwent the CCFT. Patients with migraine answered the Migraine Disability Assessment (MIDAS) and Neck Disability Index (NDI) questionnaires. Discriminative validity was verified by group comparison, and the clinical cut-off was obtained and classified according to the diagnostic accuracy of the CCFT. Results The CCFT presented discriminative validity for comparing control (median = 28, IQR = 6) with migraine (median = 26, IQR = 4, P = .01) and migraine with neck pain (median = 26, IQR = 4, P = .01), but not among the migraine subtypes with disability by migraine or neck pain-related disability on the MIDAS and NDI. The diagnostic accuracies were classified between poor and not discriminating with the area under the receiver operating characteristic curve ranging from 57% to 69% and non-acceptable values of sensitivity, specificity and positive and negative likelihood ratios. Conclusion The CCFT can discriminate asymptomatic controls from migraine patients with and without neck pain. However, it cannot discriminate patients with migraine according to their pain-related disability. Also, the CCFT does not offer an optimal cut-off value in migraine patients adequate to clinical practice. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/21687-8 - Craniocervical flexion test in women with migraine associated or not with cervical pain
Grantee:Amanda Rodrigues
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation