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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Consumer Food Environment Healthiness Score: Development, Validation, and Testing between Different Types of Food Retailers

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Author(s):
Borges, Camila Aparecida [1] ; Gabe, Kamila Tiemann [1] ; Jaime, Patricia Constante [1]
Total Authors: 3
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Epidemiol Res Nutr & Hlth, Dept Nutr, Fac Publ Hlth, Ave Dr Arnaldo, 715 Cerqueira Cesar, BR-01246904 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: INTERNATIONAL JOURNAL OF ENVIRONMENTAL RESEARCH AND PUBLIC HEALTH; v. 18, n. 7 APR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

The aim of this study was to develop and validate a scoring system, based on AUDITNOVA, to assess the healthiness of the consumer food environment, considering food availability, price, advertising, and placement strategies. Audited data of 650 food retailers were used to develop, validate, and test the consumer food environment healthiness score. To compose the score, the reference was the Dietary Guidelines for the Brazilian Population. The total and subscores were standardized for a scale from 0 to 100. Construct validity was assessed using the Kruskal-Wallis Dunn tests. Cronbach's alpha coefficients were calculated to determine the consistency of the scores. The median score was 33.7 (p25 = 26.9; p75 = 42.1). The public and private specialized indoor fresh food markets showed the highest medians; otherwise, bakeries and food retailers with the predominant sale of ultra-processed foods showed the lowest. The score was able to satisfactorily classify the extreme food retailer groups by the predominant sale of fresh or minimally processed foods and the predominant sale of ultra-processed foods. The results of Cronbach's alpha showed excellent internal consistency (alpha = 0.91). The score helped to provide an overall assessment of consumer food environment healthiness and was able to classify food retailer groups as healthy and unhealthy according to the degree of processing of the available foods. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/12766-6 - Interventions in the food retail environment: overcoming the obstacle information to promote adequate and healthy food at neighborhood
Grantee:Camila Aparecida Borges
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral