Melo, Karla R. B.
Grace, John R.
Lopes, Gabriela C.
Total Authors: 3
 Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Chem Engn Grad Program, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 235 SP 310, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
 Univ British Columbia, Dept Chem & Biol Engn, 2360 East Mall, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z3 - Canada
 Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Chem Engn, Rod Washington Luiz, Km 235 SP 310, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Clean Technologies and Environmental Policy;
n. 2, SI
Web of Science Citations:
Fluidized bed bioreactors are widely used in wastewater treatment applications. Such reactors employ gel beads or hard particles covered with a biofilm layer. These particles lose more energy due to deformation when they collide than particles with high mechanical resistance. This energy loss can result in heterogeneity in particle distribution, increasing the drag on them, which, if not considered properly, can lead to problems in reactor design and operation. Therefore, it is important to know how much energy is dissipated by particles with low mechanical strength during collisions. In this context, the coefficient of restitution of alginate particles synthesized using different cationic solutions was determined experimentally. The influence of the Young's modulus, size and roughness of the particles, as well as the impact velocity, on the coefficient of restitution was investigated. Results indicate that the coefficient of restitution is directly proportional to the particle Young's modulus and inversely proportional to the impact velocity. A correlation is proposed to estimate the coefficient of restitution as a function of particle density, Young's modulus, impact velocity and maximum deformation in the elastic regime, with R-2 = 0.9219. This correlation provides a potential tool for determining the coefficient of restitution to be used in simulating the dynamics of the flow in fluidized bed bioreactors in wastewater treatment. (AU)