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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Untrafficked furrowed seedbed sustains soil physical quality in sugarcane mechanized fields

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Barbosa, Leandro Carneiro [1, 2] ; Graziano Magalhaes, Paulo Sergio [3] ; Bordonal, Ricardo Oliveira [1] ; Cherubin, Mauricio Roberto [4] ; Castioni, Guilherme Adalberto [1] ; Neto, Joao Rossi [1] ; Junqueira Franco, Henrique Coutinho [1] ; Nunes Carvalho, Joao Luis [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Natl Ctr Res Energy & Mat LNBR CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewables Natl Lab, 10000 Giuseppe Maximo Scolfaro St, BR-13083100 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, FEAGRI UNICAMP, Fac Agr Engn, Campinas - Brazil
[3] Univ Estadual Campinas, Interdisciplinary Ctr Energy Planning NIPE, Campinas - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo ESALQ USP, Luiz de Queiroz Coll Agr, Dept Soil Sci, Piracicaba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: European Journal of Soil Science; MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Management strategies that reduce machinery traffic, such as creating seedbeds, could be adopted to preserve soil health and reduce soil physical restriction to sugarcane (Saccharum sp.) growth. Field experiments on clayey and sandy loam soils were conducted along four crop seasons (2013-2017) to investigate the changes in bulk density, soil penetration resistance, macroporosity and microporosity in the row and inter-row positions, as well as sugarcane biomass production (root and stalk yield) under different machinery traffic treatments. The experimental areas were conducted in randomized block design with two treatments and four repetitions. The evaluated treatments were: (a) regular traffic, in which all operations were performed mechanically using regular machinery traffic; and (b) without traffic, in which all field operations (except those used for sunn hemp management and for opening the sugarcane planting furrow) were performed manually without machinery traffic. No critical values of physical properties were identified in either soil type in plots without machinery traffic, indicating the lowest density and soil penetration resistance values, as well as higher macroporosity, where sugarcane seedbed zones had been established. Our findings show that seedbeds resulted in greater root growth and development in the soil profile, mainly in inter-row positions. Overall, sugarcane stalk yield was similar between the treatments in both soil types. This study reinforces the importance of the planting furrow in keeping suitable soil conditions for plant growth and concludes that sugarcane production in untrafficked seedbeds is an effective strategy to sustain soil physical conditions over the crop cycle, without the need for tillage operations during the (re)planting period. Highlights The use of seedbeds sustains soil physical quality along the crop cycle Most of root biomass were concentrated in the crop-row Crop-row position provides adequate soil physical conditions for root growth and plant development Untrafficked furrowed seedbed sustains soil physical quality and makes no-tillage viable (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/09845-7 - Implications of expansion and management intensification on soil ecosystem services
Grantee:Maurício Roberto Cherubin
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/23978-7 - Soil carbon dynamics and greenhouse gas balance: implications of sugarcane straw removal for bioenergy production
Grantee:Ricardo de Oliveira Bordonal
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants