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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Improved Spatial Memory And Neuroinflammatory Profile Changes in Aged Rats Submitted to Photobiomodulation Therapy

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Cardoso, Fabrizio dos Santos [1] ; de Souza Oliveira Tavares, Cristiane [1] ; Araujo, Bruno Henrique Silva [2] ; Mansur, Fernanda [3] ; Lopes-Martins, Rodrigo Alvaro Brandao [4] ; Gomes da Silva, Sergio [5, 6, 1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Mogi das Cruzes, Nucleo Pesquisas Tecnol, Ave Candido Xavier de Almeida & Souza 200, BR-08780911 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Nacl Pesquisa Energia & Mat CNPEM, Lab Nacl Biociencias LNBio, Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Ctr Expt Res, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Brasil UB, Lab Biophoton & Expt Therapeut Hlth & Esthet, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[5] Fundacao Cristiano Varella FCV, Hosp Canc Muriae, Muriae, MG - Brazil
[6] Ctr Univ UNIFAMINAS UNIFAMINAS, Muriae, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: Cellular and Molecular Neurobiology; MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Recent evidences have shown the therapeutic potential of transcranial photobiomodulation on traumatic brain injury and Alzheimer's disease. Despite the promising benefits in the brain, little is known about the laser's effects in the absence of pathological conditions. We submitted young (4 months old) and aged (20 months old) rats to transcranial low-level laser and evaluated their exploratory activity and habituation in open field, anxiety in elevated plus maze, spatial memory in Barnes maze, and aversive memory in a step-down inhibitory avoidance task. Additionally, the levels of a panel of inflammatory cytokines and chemokines were quantified in two different brain regions: the cerebral cortex and the hippocampus. Young and aged rats submitted to transcranial laser exhibited better cognitive performance in Barnes maze than did control rats. Transcranial laser therapy decreased cortical levels of GM-CSF, IL-10, MCP-1, LIX, and TNF alpha in young rats and IL-5 in aged rats. High levels of IL-6, IL-10, and TNF-alpha were found in the cerebral cortex of aged rats submitted to transcranial laser. In the hippocampus, a decrease in IP-10 and fractalkine levels was observed in the aged rats from the laser group when compared to the aged rats from the control group. Our data indicate that transcranial photobiomodulation improves spatial learning and memory and alters the neuroinflammatory profile of young and aged rats' brains. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 13/08028-1 - CEGH-CEL - Human Genome and Stem Cell Research Center
Grantee:Mayana Zatz
Support type: Research Grants - Research, Innovation and Dissemination Centers - RIDC
FAPESP's process: 17/16443-0 - Therapeutic potential of low-level laser in the brain of aged rats
Grantee:Fabrízio dos Santos Cardoso
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate