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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Aquaculture in Brazil: past, present and future

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Valenti, Wagner C. [1] ; Barros, Helenice P. [2] ; Moraes-Valenti, Patricia [1] ; Bueno, Guilherme W. [1] ; Cavalli, Ronaldo O. [3]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Aquaculture Ctr, CAUNESP, Via Paulo Donato Castellane S-N, Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Fisheries Inst, APTA, SAA, Av Abelardo Menezes S-N, POB 1025, BR-15025970 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
[3] Fed Univ Rio Grande, FURG, Inst Oceanog Marine Aquaculture Stn, Rua Hotel 2, BR-96210030 Rio Grande, RS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: AQUACULTURE REPORTS; v. 19, MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Aquaculture in Brazil probably started in the 17th century, during the Dutch occupation of the northeastern region. Currently, this activity can be divided into five main sectors, defined by tradition and type of cultured organism: freshwater fish, marine shrimp, mollusks, freshwater prawns and frogs. Production in 2019 was estimated at 800,000 tonnes, representing a gross revenue of US\$ 1 billion. Freshwater fish is predominantly produced, followed by marine shrimp. The main farmed species are Nile tilapia (Oreochromis niloticus), tambaqui (Colossoma macropomum) and the Pacific white leg shrimp (Litopenaeus vannamei). Other species have great local socio-economic importance. The bulk of production comes from small farms: more than 80 % have less than 2 ha. Brazil has more than 200 thousand freshwater fish farms, about 3000 marine shrimp farms, and about 100 aquaculture research institutions. A large domestic market is available for edible fish and shellfish, ornamentals, baitfish and hatchery-reared juveniles for biomitigation purposes. The challenge is to develop truly sustainable production systems to support a perennial industry. New technologies, including digital devices and simple disruptive innovations, can increase productivity and support the shift to a circular economy, bioeconomics and sustainability supported by science-based innovations and knowledge. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/07948-6 - Bioeconomic prediction model for climatic and financial risk analysis of aquaculture enterprises with high-producing in a hydroelectric reservoir
Grantee:Guilherme Wolff Bueno
Support Opportunities: Research Program on Global Climate Change - Regular Grants