Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Advances in Detecting Low Prevalence Somatic TERT Promoter Mutations in Papillary Thyroid Carcinoma

Full text
da Costa, Vitor Rodrigues [1] ; Bim, Larissa Valdemarin [1] ; Silva, Luiza Dornelles Penteado e [1] ; Colloza-Gama, Gabriel Avelar [1] ; Bastos, Andre Uchimura [1, 2] ; Delcelo, Rosana [3] ; Oler, Gisele [1] ; Cerutti, Janete Maria [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Genet Bases Thyroid Tumors Lab, Dept Morphol & Genet, Div Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Biomed Sci Inst, Repare DNA Lab, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Pathol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background Two recurrent TERT (telomerase reverse transcriptase) promoter mutations, C228T and C250T, have been reported in thyroid carcinomas and were correlated with high-risk clinicopathological features and a worse prognosis. Although far more frequent in the poorly differentiated and undifferentiated thyroid cancer, the TERT promoter mutations play a significant role on PTC recurrence and disease-specific mortality. However, the prevalence varies considerably through studies and it is uncertain if these differences are due to population variation or the methodology used to detect TERT mutations. In this study we aim to compare three different strategies to detect TERT promoter mutations in PTC. Methods DNA was isolated from formalin-fixed paraffin-embedded (FFPE) specimens from 89 PTC and 40 paired lymph node metastases. The prevalence of the hot spot TERT C228T and C250T mutations was assessed in FFPE samples using TaqMan SNP genotyping assays. Random samples were tested by Sanger Sequencing and droplet digital PCR (ddPCR). Results In general, 16 out of 89 (18%) PTC samples and 14 out of 40 (35%) lymph node metastases harbored TERT promoter mutations by TaqMan assay. Sanger sequencing, performed in random selected samples, failed to detect TERT mutations in four samples that were positive by TaqMan SNP genotyping assay. Remarkably, ddPCR assay allowed detection of TERT promoter mutations in six samples that harbor very low mutant allele frequency (<= 2%) and were negative by both genotype assay and Sanger Sequencing. Conclusion This study observed a good concordance among the methodologies used to detect TERT promoter mutations when a high percentage of mutated alleles was present. Sanger analysis demonstrated a limit of detection for mutated alleles. Therefore, the prevalence of TERT promoter mutations in PTC may be higher than previously reported, since most studies have conventionally used Sanger sequencing. The efficient characterization of genetic alterations that are used as preoperative or postoperative diagnostic, risk stratification of the patient and individualized treatment decisions, mainly in highly heterogeneous tumors, require highly sensitive and specific approaches. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/06570-6 - Comprehensive whole exome, paired-end RNA and genome sequencing: new insights into genetic bases of thyroid carcinoma in pediatric and adult ages and applications in clinical practice
Grantee:Janete Maria Cerutti
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 12/06221-6 - Functional characterization of BRAFV600E + RET/PTC3 double mutation in papillary thyroid carcinoma
Grantee:André Uchimura Bastos
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 12/17545-7 - Molecular Characterization of thyroid tumors using whole exome sequencing: Search for diagnostic molecular markers
Grantee:Gisele Oler
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/13203-0 - New insights into the prognosis of papillary thyroid microcarcinoma: mutational status analysis of BRAF V600E and whole exome sequencing
Grantee:Gabriel Avelar Colozza Gama
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)