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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Genetic Diversity and Potential Paths of Transmission of Mycobacterium bovis in the Amazon: The Discovery of M. bovis Lineage Lb1 Circulating in South America

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Carneiro, Paulo Alex [1, 2] ; Zimpel, Cristina Kraemer [3, 4] ; Pasquatti, Taynara Nunes [5] ; Silva-Pereira, Taiana T. [4] ; Takatani, Haruo [6] ; Silva, Christian B. D. G. [6] ; Abramovitch, Robert B. [3] ; Sa Guimaraes, Ana Marcia [4] ; Davila, Alberto M. R. [7, 8] ; Araujo, Flabio R. [9] ; Kaneene, John B. [1]
Total Authors: 11
[1] Michigan State Univ, Coll Vet Med, Ctr Comparat Epidemiol, E Lansing, MI 48824 - USA
[2] Amazonas State Fed Inst, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[3] Michigan State Univ, Dept Microbiol & Mol Genet, E Lansing, MI 48824 - USA
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Microbiol, Lab Appl Res Mycobacteria, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Catolica Dom Bosco, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
[6] Agencia Def Agr Amazonas, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[7] Oswaldo Cruz Inst, Computat & Syst Biol Lab, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[8] Fiocruz MS, Grad Program Biodivers & Hlth, Rio De Janeiro - Brazil
[9] Embrapa Gado Corte, Campo Grande, MS - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 9
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Bovine tuberculosis (bTB) has yet to be eradicated in Brazil. Herds of cattle and buffalo are important sources of revenue to people living in the banks of the Amazon River basin. A better understanding of Mycobacterium bovis (M. bovis) populational structure and transmission dynamics affecting these animals can significantly contribute in efforts to improve their sanitary status. Herein, we sequenced the whole genome of 22 M. bovis isolates (15 from buffalo and 7 from cattle) from 10 municipalities in the region of the Lower Amazon River Basin in Brazil and performed phylogenomic analysis and Single Nucleotide Polymorphism (SNP)-based transmission inference to evaluate population structure and transmission networks. Additionally, we compared these genomes to others obtained in unrelated studies in the Marajo Island (n = 15) and worldwide (n = 128) to understand strain diversity in the Amazon and to infer M. bovis lineages. Our results show a higher genomic diversity of M. bovis genomes obtained in the Lower Amazon River region when compared to the Marajo Island, while no significant difference was observed between M. bovis genomes obtained from cattle and buffalo (p >= 0.05). This high genetic diversity is reflected by the weak phylogenetic clustering of M. bovis from the Lower Amazon River region based on geographic proximity and in the detection of only two putative transmission clusters in the region. One of these clusters is the first description of inter-species transmission between cattle and buffalo in the Amazon, bringing implications to the bTB control program. Surprisingly, two M. bovis lineages were detected in our dataset, namely Lb1 and Lb3, constituting the first description of Lb1 in South America. Most of the strains of this study (13/22) and all 15 strains of the Marajo Island carried no clonal complex marker, suggesting that the recent lineage classification better describe the diversity of M. bovis in the Amazon. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/26108-0 - Systems and comparative biology of Mycobacterium tuberculosis complex: effects of genetic variability on bacterial phenotype
Grantee:Ana Marcia de Sá Guimarães
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Young Investigators Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/10896-8 - Transcriptomic and metabolic features of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis during human macrophage infection
Grantee:Cristina Kraemer Zimpel
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/04617-3 - Host adaption of Mycobacterium tuberculosis and Mycobacterium bovis: a genomic and transcriptional approach
Grantee:Cristina Kraemer Zimpel
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate