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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cognitive Behavioral Approach to Treat Obesity: A Randomized Clinical Trial

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Author(s):
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Moraes, Amanda dos Santos [1, 2] ; Padovani, Ricardo da Costa [1, 2, 3] ; La Scala Teixeira, Caue Vazquez [1, 2] ; Cuesta, Maria Gabriela Soria [1, 2, 4] ; Gil, Silvandro dos Santos [1, 2] ; de Paula, Barbara [2, 5] ; dos Santos, Gilberto Monteiro [2] ; Goncalves, Rodrigo Tributino [6] ; Damaso, Ana Raimunda [2] ; Oyama, Lila Missae [2, 4] ; Gomes, Ricardo Jose [1, 2, 7] ; Caranti, Danielle Arisa [1, 2, 3, 7]
Total Authors: 12
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Post Grad Program Interdisciplinary Hlth Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Obes Study Grp GEO, Postgrad Program Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Hlth Educ & Soc Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Post Grad Program Food Nutr, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Grad Program Interdisciplinary Hlth Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Math & Comp Sci, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Biosci Dept, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN NUTRITION; v. 8, FEB 18 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Our aim was to analyze and compare the effects of three different long-term treatments on anthropometric profiles, eating behaviors, anxiety and depression levels, and quality of life of groups of adults with obesity. Methods: The 43 participants in the study were randomly assigned to one of three groups: the education and health group (EH, n = 12), which received lectures on health topics; the physical exercise group (PE, n = 13), which underwent physical training; and the interdisciplinary therapy plus cognitive behavioral therapy (IT + CBT) (n = 18) group, which received physical training, nutritional advice, and physical and psychological therapy. Results: Total quality of life increased significantly in the EH group (o = 2.00); in the PE group, body weight significantly decreased (o = -1.42) and the physical domain of quality of life improved (o = 1.05). However, the most significant changes were seen in the IT + CBT group, in which the anthropometric profile improved; there were an increase in quality of life in all domains (physical, psychological, social, and environmental), an improvement in eating behaviors {[}Dutch Eating Behavior Questionnaire (DEBQ), total o = -8.39], and a reduction in depression {[}Beck Depression Inventory (BDI), o = -10.13). Conclusion: The IT + CBT program was more effective than the PE and EH programs. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 11/51723-7 - Effects of interdisciplinary therapy on metabolic syndrome control in obese adults and its relationship with pro and anti inflammatory adipocytes
Grantee:Danielle Arisa Caranti
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 15/06630-1 - Insulin resistance, obesity and cognitive disorders: comparison between interdisciplinary therapy and physical training
Grantee:Ricardo Jose Gomes
Support type: Regular Research Grants