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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Potential of Creatine in Glucose Management and Diabetes

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Solis, Marina Yazigi [1] ; Artioli, Guilherme Giannini [1] ; Gualano, Bruno [1]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Appl Physiol & Nutr Res Grp, BR-01246903 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Review article
Source: NUTRIENTS; v. 13, n. 2 FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 5

Creatine is one of the most popular supplements worldwide, and it is frequently used by both athletic and non-athletic populations to improve power, strength, muscle mass and performance. A growing body of evidence has been identified potential therapeutic effects of creatine in a wide variety of clinical conditions, such as cancer, muscle dystrophy and neurodegenerative disorders. Evidence has suggested that creatine supplementation alone, and mainly in combination with exercise training, may improve glucose metabolism in health individuals and insulin-resistant individuals, such as in those with type 2 diabetes mellitus. Creatine itself may stimulate insulin secretion in vitro, improve muscle glycogen stores and ameliorate hyperglycemia in animals. In addition, exercise induces numerous metabolic benefits, including increases in insulin-independent muscle glucose uptake and insulin sensitivity. It has been speculated that creatine supplementation combined with exercise training could result in additional improvements in glucose metabolism when compared with each intervention separately. The possible mechanism underlying the effects of combined exercise and creatine supplementation is an enhanced glucose transport into muscle cell by type 4 glucose transporter (GLUT-4) translocation to sarcolemma. Although preliminary findings from small-scale trials involving patients with type 2 diabetes mellitus are promising, the efficacy of creatine for improving glycemic control is yet to be confirmed. In this review, we aim to explore the possible therapeutic role of creatine supplementation on glucose management and as a potential anti-diabetic intervention, summarizing the current knowledge and highlighting the research gaps. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/25032-9 - The role of carnosine on Ca2+ handling, control of oxidative stress and protection against protein glycation: advances and applications of the study life without carnosine
Grantee:Hamilton Augusto Roschel da Silva
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants