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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Are foreign companies a blessing or a curse for local development in Brazil? It depends on the home country and host region's institutions

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Polloni-Silva, Eduardo [1] ; Moralles, Herick Fernando [1] ; Rebelatto, Daisy Aparecida do Nascimento [2] ; Hartmann, Dominik [3]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Fed Univ Sao Carlos UFSCAR, Dept Prod Engn, Rodovia Washington Luis, Km 235 S-N, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Prod Engn, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Santa Catarina, Dept Econ & Int Relat, Florianopolis, SC - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Latin America is an important destination for foreign direct investment (FDI). The debate on whether FDI is beneficial or harmful to the region is ongoing. Our study investigates how institutions from the home country and the host region affect the FDI-human development nexus in Brazil. Specifically, we employ a unique data set comprising 92 municipalities and companies from 52 countries. We use threshold regressions to scrutinize the heterogeneous effects of FDI on the municipalities' income, education, health, and productivity levels. Our results indicate that locations with a high concentration of companies from countries with well-developed institutions tend to experience a more positive effect of FDI on local development than regions with a high concentration of companies from emerging economies with less developed institutions. This effect is nonlinear, though, and more significant in institutionally weak regions. Our findings suggest that the FDI-human development nexus is neither always positive or negative. Instead, it varies depending on which human development aspect is being analyzed and on institutions. Finally, we discuss policy implications for Brazil and Latin America. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/19905-0 - Environmental impacts and drivers of inward foreign direct investment: evidence from the State of São Paulo, Brazil
Grantee:Herick Fernando Moralles
Support type: Regular Research Grants