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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Kernel characterization and starch morphology in five varieties of Peruvian Andean maize

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Salvador-Reyes, Rebeca [1] ; Rebellato, Ana Paula [1] ; Pallone, Juliana Azevedo Lima [2] ; Ferrari, Roseli Aparecida [3] ; Clerici, Maria Teresa Pedrosa Silva [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Tecnol, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Sci, Rua Monteiro Lobato 80, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[3] Food Sci & Qual Ctr CCQA, Inst Food Technol ITAL, Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Food Research International; v. 140, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Peruvian Andean maize (PAM) has been commonly used as an ingredient that confers color, flavor, and texture in culinary. Nevertheless, no studies are focusing on agro-industrial interest characteristics to develop new products. This study aimed to evaluate the physicochemical, nutritional, and technological characteristics of kernels and the starch granule morphology of the five main PAM varieties: Chullpi, Piscorunto, Giant Cuzco, Sacsa, and Purple. PAM's characterization was performed according to the official methods, and its morphology was observed by scanning electron microscopy (SEM). Physically, the varieties of larger kernels (Giant Cuzco and Sacsa) presented a higher 1000-kernel weight and a lower hectoliter weight than those of smaller size (Piscorunto, Purple, and Chullpi). Nutritionally, PAM had higher ether extract (5%) and ash (2%) contents than other pigmented maizes. Likewise, they presented more significant amounts of essential amino acids, as leucine (10 mg/g protein) and tryptophan (up to 2 mg/g protein); unsaturated fatty acids, oleic (30%) and linoleic (53%); and minerals, as magnesium (104 mg/100 g). SEM showed that endosperm structure and starch morphology vary according to maize types and their grain location. Starch granules of floury PAM varieties were small and polyhedral in the sub-aleurone endosperm, whereas those of the central area were bigger and spherical. In Chullpi, it was observed a portion of vitreous endosperm with a compact structure. The low protein content (8.3%) and the endosperm structure of floury varieties of PAM influenced their pasting properties. Their pasting temperature was <69 to 71 degrees C>, peak viscosity < 3200 to 4400 cP>, and seatback <1250 to 1706 cP>; therefore, they do not retrograde easily. The results suggest that PAM has characteristics that would help elaborate regional products with added value, such as soups, willows, beverages, and porridges. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/19637-4 - Obtainment and characterization of flour, starch and fiber from young culms of Dendrocalamus aspers, Bambusa vulgaris and Bambusa tuldoides in order to food application
Grantee:Maria Teresa Pedrosa Silva Clerici
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants