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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Dynamic Changes of Performance Fatigability and Muscular O-2 Saturation in a 4-km Cycling Time Trial

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Author(s):
Azevedo, Rafael A. [1, 2] ; Milioni, Fabio [1, 3] ; Murias, Juan M. [1] ; Bertuzzi, Romulo [2] ; Millet, Guillaume Y. [1, 4, 5]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Calgary, Fac Kinesiol, KNB 434, 2500 Univ Dr NW, Calgary, AB T2N 1N4 - Canada
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Phys Educ & Sport GEDAE USP, Endurance Performance Res Grp GEDAE USP, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] UNESP Univ Estadual Paulista, Fac Sci, Dept Phys Educ, Bauru, SP - Brazil
[4] Univ Lyon, Lab Interuniv Biol Motricite, UJM St Etienne, St Etienne - France
[5] Inst Univ France IUF, Paris - France
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: MEDICINE AND SCIENCE IN SPORTS AND EXERCISE; v. 53, n. 3, p. 613-623, MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Exercise intensity variations throughout a cycling time trial (TT) might be influenced by subject's functional state. Purpose The current study characterized the performance fatigability etiology, immediately after exercise cessation, and its relation to the dynamic changes in muscle O-2 saturation (SmO2) at different TT phases. Methods Twelve males performed three separated TT of different distances, in a crossover counterbalanced design, until the end of the fast-start (FS, 827 +/- 135 m), even-pace (EP, 3590 +/- 66 m), or end-spurt (ES, 4000 m) TT phases. Performance fatigability was characterized by using isometric maximal voluntary contractions (IMVC), whereas the maximal voluntary activation (VA) and contractile function of knee extensors (e.g., peak torque of potentiated twitches {[}TwPt]) were evaluated using electrically evoked contractions performed before and immediately after each exercise bouts. SmO2, power output (PO), and EMG were also recorded. Results Immediately after the FS phase, there were lower values for IMVC (-23%), VA (-8%), and TwPt (-43%) (all P < 0.001), but no further changes were measured after EP (IMVC, -28%; VA, -8%; TwPt, -38%). After the ES phase, IMVC (-34%) and TwPt (-59%) further decreased compared with the previous phases (P < 0.05). There were lower SmO2 and higher EMG/PO values during FS and ES compared with EP phase. Conclusion FS and EP phases had similar performance fatigability etiology, but ES showed further impairments in contractile function. This later finding might be due to the abrupt changes in SmO2 and EMG/PO because of the high exercise intensity during the ES, which elicited maximal decline in contractile function at the finish line. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/26281-4 - TIME-COURSE OF PERFORMANCE AND NEUROMUSCULAR RECOVERY FROM INTERMITTENT SPRINT EFFORTS.
Grantee:Fabio Milioni
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/02683-6 - Influence of beta-alanine supplementation associated with high-intensity interval training on performance of repeated sprints.
Grantee:Fabio Milioni
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/22053-0 - Pacing in cycling: a study about the neuromuscular fatigue and metabolic interface
Grantee:Rômulo Cássio de Moraes Bertuzzi
Support type: Regular Research Grants