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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

The exclosure cage technique revisited: Pasture responses under continuous stocking and their relationship with estimates of forage accumulation in grazing experiments

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Author(s):
Yasuoka, Junior I. [1] ; Pedreira, Carlos G. S. [1] ; Holschuch, Solange G. [1] ; Almeida, Otavio G. [1] ; Pedroso, Gabriel B. [1]
Total Authors: 5
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo ESALQ USP, Coll Agr, Dept Zootecnia Luiz de Queiroz, Ave Padua Dias, BR-13418900 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: CROP SCIENCE; v. 61, n. 2 FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Forage accumulation (FA) is a key response in grazing experiments, and estimates of FA in continuously stocked pastures are often obtained using exclosure cages. This study evaluated how 14-, 21-, and 28-d exclusion periods using cages affected morphological, physiological, and morphogenetic responses of continuously stocked `Mulato II' hybrid brachiariagrass (Brachiaria spp. syn. Urochloa spp.) pastures maintained at 20- and 30-cm canopy height and how this affected estimates of FA. Grazing exclusion resulted in greater rates of leaf elongation (LER; 1.62 vs. 1.37 cm tiller(-1) d(-1)), stem elongation (SER; 0.16 vs. 0.07 cm tiller(-1) d(-1)), leaf growth (101 vs. 86 kg dry matter {[}DM] ha(-1) d(-1)), and stem growth (3.4 vs. 1.8 kg DM ha(-1) d(-1)) inside the cages compared with outside. Greater LER resulted in greater final leaf length and leaf area index (LAI) in longer exclusion periods. With greater LAI, photosynthesis was greater within the exclosure cages than on pasture (54.5 vs. 43.9 mu mol CO2 m(-2) s(-1)). Greater leaf growth rate, together with same tiller population density and leaf senescence rate (LSR) across exclusion periods, resulted in overestimated FA by 14, 26, and 24% for 14-, 21-, and 28-d exclusions, respectively. There was no effect of canopy height on FA, because greater LER and SER values in 30-cm canopies were compensated by greater LSR. Choice of sites for cage placement by visual appraisal and reduced number of sampling sites resulted on ``negative{''} values of calculated FA for the 14-d exclusion, making the choice of sampling sites a major source of error in estimation of actual FA. Increasing the number of sampling sites and using indirect measurements of forage mass (FM) may increase the accuracy of FM and FA estimates. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/11288-6 - Do exclosure cages affect canopy microenvironment, morphogenetic responses and morphophysiological characteristics on pastures under continuous stocking?
Grantee:Júnior Issamu Yasuoka
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate