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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Comparing ray-theoretical and finite-frequency teleseismic traveltimes: implications for constraining the ratio of S-wave to P-wave velocity variations in the lower mantle

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Chaves, Carlos A. M. [1, 2] ; Ritsema, Jeroen [2] ; Koelemeijer, Paula [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, Dept Geofis, Rua Matao 1226, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Michigan, Dept Earth & Environm Sci, 1100 North Univ Ave, Ann Arbor, MI 48109 - USA
[3] Royal Holloway Univ London, Dept Earth Sci, Egham TW20 0EX, Surrey - England
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Geophysical Journal International; v. 224, n. 3, p. 1540-1552, MAR 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

A number of seismological studies have indicated that the ratio R of S-wave and P-wave velocity perturbations increases to 3-4 in the lower mantle with the highest values in the large low-velocity provinces (LLVPs) beneath Africa and the central Pacific. Traveltime constraints on R are based primarily on ray-theoretical modelling of delay times of P waves (Delta T-P) and S waves (Delta T-S), even for measurements derived from long-period waveforms and core-diffracted waves for which ray theory (RT) is deemed inaccurate. Along with a published set of traveltime delays, we compare predicted values of Delta T-P, Delta T-S, and the Delta T-S/Delta T-P ratio for RT and finite-frequency (FF) theory to determine the resolvability of R in the lower mantle. We determine the FF predictions of Delta T-P and Delta T-S using cross-correlation methods applied to spectral-element method waveforms, analogous to the analysis of recorded waveforms, and by integration using FF sensitivity kernels. Our calculations indicate that RT and FF predict a similar variation of the Delta T-S/Delta T-P ratio when R increases linearly with depth in the mantle. However, variations of R in relatively thin layers (< 400 km) are poorly resolved using long-period data (T > 20 s). This is because FF predicts that Delta T-P and Delta T-S vary smoothly with epicentral distance even when vertical P-wave and S-wave gradients change abruptly. Our waveform simulations also show that the estimate of R for the Pacific LLVP is strongly affected by velocity structure shallower in the mantle. If R increases with depth in the mantle, which appears to be a robust inference, the acceleration of P waves in the lithosphere beneath eastern North America and the high-velocity Farallon anomaly negates the P-wave deceleration in the LLVP. This results in a Delta T-P of about 0, whereas Delta T-S is positive. Consequently, the recorded high Delta T-S/Delta T-P for events in the southwest Pacific and stations in North America may be misinterpreted as an anomalously high R for the Pacific LLVP. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/17779-3 - Global study of the mantle transition zone structure from geoid anomalies and SS wave propagation
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/11580-6 - Global study of the mantle transition zone structure from SS wave propagation.
Grantee:Carlos Alberto Moreno Chaves
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor