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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Impulsivity and Mindfulness among Inpatients with Alcohol Use Disorder

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Gallo, Giovana Goncalves [1] ; Curado, Daniela Fernandez [1] ; Opaleye, Emerita Satiro [1] ; Donate, Ana Paula Goncalves [1] ; Scattone, Vitor Villar [1] ; Noto, Ana Regina [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, NEPSIS Nucleo Pesquisa Saude Uso Subst, Ctr Brasileiro Pesquisa & Formacao Prevencao Reca, MBRP Brasil, Dept Psicobiol, Rua Botucatu, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 1
Document type: Journal article
Source: SUBSTANCE USE & MISUSE; v. 56, n. 1, p. 25-32, JAN 2 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background Impulsivity is both a risk factor for and a consequence of alcohol use disorder (AUD), for which mindfulness-based approaches have been proven to be effective. However, the specific relationship between mindfulness and impulsivity has been little explored in the literature, especially in people with AUD. This study aims to investigate the relationship between different facets of dispositional mindfulness and impulsivity among people with AUD in an inpatient setting in Brazil. Methods: Participants (n = 165) completed the following self-report measures: the Alcohol Use Disorders Identification Test (AUDIT), the Five Facets of Mindfulness Questionnaire (FFMQ-SF), and the Short UPPS-P Impulsive Behavior Scale (SUPPS-P). Multiple imputation techniques and linear models were employed to assess the relationships between dispositional mindfulness and impulsivity. Results: In complete case analysis, the UPPS-P facet ``lack of premeditation{''} was inversely related to the FFMQ facet ``non-reactivity{''} (B = -0.17; p = 0.01); and ``positive urgency{''} was inversely related to ``act with awareness{''} (B = -0.27, p = 0.02) and ``non-reactivity{''} (B = -0.17, p = 0.01). Conclusion: Relationships of varying magnitudes between dispositional mindfulness and impulsivity domains among people with AUD were found, suggesting that higher mindfulness skills are related to less impulsive traits. Our results encourage further longitudinal studies evaluating the potential of specific mindfulness components to decrease impulsivity among AUD inpatients, including its underlying mechanisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/24798-2 - Impulsive behavior and mindfulness between patients with alcohol use disorder
Grantee:Giovana Gonçalves Gallo
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation