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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Gut Microbiota and Intestinal Epithelial Myd88 Signaling Are Crucial for Renal Injury in UUO Mice

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Watanabe, Ingrid Kazue Mizuno [1, 2] ; Andrade-Silva, Magaiver [2] ; Foresto-Neto, Orestes [1] ; Felizardo, Raphael Jose Ferreira [1] ; Matheus, Marco Aurelio Costa [2] ; Silva, Reinaldo Correa [1] ; Cenedeze, Marcos Antonio [2] ; Honda, Tamisa Seeko Bandeira [1] ; Perandini, Luiz Augusto Buoro [1] ; Volpini, Rildo Aparecido [3] ; Pacheco-Silva, Alvaro [2, 4] ; Camara, Niels Olsen Saraiva [1, 2]
Total Authors: 12
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Biomed Sci, Dept Immunol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Div Nephrol, Dept Med, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Med, Dept Nephrol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Hosp Israelita Albert Einstein, Kidney Transplant Unit, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN IMMUNOLOGY; v. 11, DEC 22 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Increasing evidence shows the essential participation of gut microbiota in human health and diseases by shaping local and systemic immunity. Despite an accumulating body of studies showing that chronic kidney disease (CKD) is closely associated with disturbances in the composition of gut microbiota, it remains unclear the importance of gut microbiota in the onset and development of CKD. For the purpose of untangling the role of gut microbiota in CKD, gut microbiota was depleted with a pool of broad-spectrum antibiotics in mice submitted to unilateral ureteral obstruction (UUO). Depletion of gut microbiota significantly decreased levels of proinflammatory cytokines and fibrosis markers, attenuating renal injury. Additionally, to study whether the pathogenic role of gut microbiota is dependent of microbial-host crosstalk, we generated mice lacking Myd88 (myeloid differentiation primary response gene 8) expression in intestinal epithelial cells (IECs) and performed UUO. The absence of Myd88 in IECs prevented a bacterial burden in mesenteric lymph nodes as observed in WT mice after UUO and led to lower expression of proinflammatory cytokines and chemokines, reducing deposition of type I collagen and, ultimately, attenuating renal damage. Therefore, our results suggest that the presence of gut microbiota is crucial for the development of CKD and may be dependent of Myd88 signaling in IECs, which appears to be essential to maturation of immune cells intimately involved in aggravation of inflammatory scenarios. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/50833-1 - The efficacy and safety of stem cell therapies in mouse models of kidney disease
Grantee:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/05264-7 - Cell metabolism, microbiota and immune system: new paradigms in renal diseases physiopathology
Grantee:Niels Olsen Saraiva Câmara
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/19435-3 - The role of DNA damage and mitochondrial function in vascular, immune and neurological ageing (DNA MoVINg)
Grantee:Carlos Frederico Martins Menck
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants