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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Precrops alleviate soil physical limitations for soybean root growth in an Oxisol from southern Brazil

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Bertollo, Altamir Mateus [1] ; de Moraes, Moacir Tuzzin [2] ; Franchini, Julio Cezar [3] ; Soltangheisi, Amin [4, 5] ; Balbinot Junior, Alvadi Antonio [3] ; Levien, Renato [1] ; Debiasi, Henrique [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Fed Rio Grande do Sul, Fac Agron, Dept Soils, BR-91540000 Porto Alegre, RS - Brazil
[2] Univ Tecnol Fed Parana, Dept Agron Sci, Campus Francisco Beltrao, POB 135, BR-85601970 Francisco Beltrao, PR - Brazil
[3] Embrapa Soybean, POB 231, BR-86001970 Londrina, PR - Brazil
[4] Univ Lancaster, Lancaster Environm Ctr, Lancaster - England
[5] Univ Sao Paulo, Ctr Nucl Energy Agr, Isotop Ecol Lab, BR-13416000 Piracicaba, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 206, FEB 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The impact of soil compaction on soybean root growth and grain yield can be alleviated by the presence of biopores and root channels in the soil profile. We hypothesize that cover crops (ruzigrass and oats) are better than grain crops (wheat and maize) to reduce the soil physical limitation to soybean root growth. We aimed to identify which precrops have higher potential to reduce the mechanical and water stresses resulting from soil compaction and soil desegregation, and to enhance soybean (Glycine max L) root growth and yield in an Oxisol (Rhodic Eutrudox), with clayey soil texture. Soybean was grown after four precrops (ruzigrass, oats, wheat, or maize), under four soil compaction levels {[}soil chiselling (MTC), no-tillage (NT), NT additionally compacted with four passes of a tractor (NTCT), and NT additionally compacted with eight passes of a grain harvester (NTCH)]. Soil physical attributes (bulk density, macroporosity, water-filled pore space and soil penentration resistance) in the soil profile (0-50 cm) and soybean components (grain yield, cumulative root length density and root dry mass) were investigated. Soil physical attributes were improved over time due to the combined effects of natural wetting-drying cycles and biopores created by the roots of precrops. Ruzigrass increased soybean root biomass and length density, mainly at deeper soil layers of compacted treatments (NTCT and NTCH). The rate of increase of soybean root length density in the soil profile was higher after ruzigrass cultivation in comparison with maize and oats. Soil compaction effects on grain yield were partially (NTCH) or totally (NTCT) alleviated after two years and ruzigrass intensified the mitigation process. Ruzigrass also resulted in higher soybean yields in comparison with maize, whereas NTCH and MTC reduced yields in approximately 400 kg ha(-1) (similar to 13 %) compared to NT and NTCT. Soil strengthening was more evident after ruzigrass and oats cultivation than maize or wheat cropping. Soil compaction in clayey Oxisols can be alleviated over time as a result of root channels provided by precrops combined with natural wetting-drying cycles. Among the evaluated precrops, ruzigrass is of particular interest, as it provides the most suitable soil physical environment for soybean root growth and grain yield. In contrast, chiselling was demonstrated to be a non-viable strategy to mitigate soil physical constraints for root growth and grain yields. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/21532-7 - Organic phosphorus changes with land use change in Brazil
Grantee:Amin Soltangheisi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/11332-5 - Phosphorus dynamics and its fractions in soils under pasture-sugarcane conversion and intensification in pastureland
Grantee:Amin Soltangheisi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral