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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Staphylococcus spp. Isolated from Bovine Subclinical Mastitis in Different Regions of Brazil: Molecular Typing and Biofilm Gene Expression Analysis by RT-qPCR

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Mello, Priscila Luiza [1, 2] ; Moraes Riboli, Danilo Flavio [1] ; Martins, Lisiane de Almeida [3] ; Vasconcelos Paiva Brito, Maria Aparecida [4] ; Victoria, Cassiano [5] ; Romero, Leticia Calixto [1] ; Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha, Maria de Lourdes [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Inst Biociencias, Dept Ciencias Quim & Biol, Setor Microbiol & Imunol, BR-18618689 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Guarulhos UNG, Programa Pos Grad Enfermagem, BR-07023070 Guarulhos, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Paranaense UNIPAR, BR-87502210 Umuarama, PR - Brazil
[4] Empresa Brasileira Pesquisa Agr EMBRAPA, BR-36038330 Juiz De Fora, MG - Brazil
[5] Univ Estadual Paulista UNESP, Dept Higiene Vet & Saude Publ, Fac Med Vet & Zootecnia, BR-18618681 Botucatu, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANTIBIOTICS-BASEL; v. 9, n. 12 DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Bovine mastitis is mainly caused by bacteria of the genus Staphylococcus spp., which possess different virulence factors, including the capacity for biofilm formation that provides enhanced protection against the action of immune system components and serves as a barrier against the penetration of antimicrobial agents. This study aimed to characterize 181 Staphylococcus spp. Strains-including Staphylococcus aureus and coagulase-negative staphylococci (CoNS) isolated from bovine subclinical mastitis in six Brazilian states-by molecular methods. RT-qPCR was used to verify the expression of genes of the ica operon-mainly responsible for biofilm formation-as well as bap and bhp. Chromosome similarity among the isolates was investigated by pulsed-field gel electrophoresis (PFGE) and multilocus sequence typing (MLST). The icaA gene was detected in 79 (43.6%) isolates, icaB in 24 (13.2%), icaC in 57 (31.4%), and icaD in 127 (70.1%). The bap gene was identified in 66 (36.4%) isolates, while the bhp gene was found in nine (4.9%). RT-qPCR confirmed the expression of the icaA gene in 60 (75.9%) isolates, of icaB in six (25%), of icaC in 26 (45.6%), and of icaD in 80 (63%). Clonal typing of the isolates by PFGE permitted the identification of eight Staphylococcus aureus clusters that simultaneously included >= 3 strains, with a similarity of >= 80%. Regarding the other species studied, three clusters were observed for Staphylococcus chromogenes and four clusters for Staphylococcus epidermidis. Only one cluster each was identified for Staphylococcus saprophyticus and Staphylococcus simulans, while the other species did not form any cluster. With respect to MLST, ST126 and ST1 were the prevalent sequence types in S. aureus, while in S. epidermidis all sequence types were different. These results reveal strains with the same evolutionary origin as other isolates, which might cause infections in humans and animals, suggesting their ability to spread between these species. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 12/24135-0 - Staphylococcus spp. isolated from sub clinic mastitis in different Brazilian States: Antimicrobial resistance, detection of virulence factors and identification of clonal profiling
Grantee:Priscila Luiza Mello
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 15/01401-4 - Staphylococcus spp. isolated from sub clinic mastitis in different Brazilian States: antimicrobial resistance, detection of virulence factors and identification of clonal profiling
Grantee:Maria de Lourdes Ribeiro de Souza da Cunha
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants