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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Warburg's method as a simple tool for measuring oxygen uptake in spray-dried emulsions

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Paulo, Bruna Barbon [1] ; de Oliveira Junior, Fernando Divino [1] ; Alvim, Izabela Dutra [2] ; Prata, Ana Silvia [1]
Total Authors: 4
[1] State Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Sch Food Engn, Dept Food Engn, 80 Monteiro Lobato St, BR-13083862 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Ctr Technol Cereals & Chocolates, Inst Food Technol ITAL, 2880 Brasil Ave, BR-13070178 Campinas, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Lipid oxidation is usually responsible for oil downgrading of spray-dried powders and it is strongly dependent on the storage conditions. Direct measurements of the oxygen uptake using cost-effective methods combined with the study of water adsorption of the powders allow evaluating their barrier properties against oxidation. Therefore, a low-cost and simple apparatus based on the Warburg's manometric technique was built, and its results were compared to Rancimat and Oxipres methods. Firstly, free unsaturated oil (fish oil) was evaluated and data showed a strong positive correlation between the oxygen uptakes for the new apparatus (0.015 mL O-2/h) and Oxipres method (Pearson's coefficient = 0.97). After, different surface-active compounds (SAC) (whey protein isolate - WPI, gelatin - GE, or modified starch - MS) mixed to maltodextrin (MD) were used to encapsulate the fish oil via spray drying. The lowest oxygen uptake was obtained by MD + WPI (0.0018 mL O-2/h), followed by MD + GE (0.0103 mL O-2/h) and MD + MS (0.0291 mL O-2/h), with similar behavior obtained by Rancimat method. The lowest protective barrier of MD + MS-powders was confirmed by the comparatively higher susceptibility to water adsorption, and consequently the lower glass transition temperature (similar to 58.7 degrees C at water activity = 0.3 - 0.4). This study presented a successful creation of an apparatus to provide useful, fast and effective information about oxygen consumption by fish oil and encapsulated fish oil, allowing the understanding of the protection of SAC against oxidation in spray-dried emulsions. The proposed apparatus can be easily implemented in laboratories, with potential application for other oxygen-sensitive products. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/14271-7 - Effects of the use of proteins on the barrier properties of particles produced by spray drying
Grantee:Bruna Barbon Paulo
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 17/15410-0 - Evaluation of wall structure properties formed during microencapsulation of hydrophobic substances by spray drying
Grantee:Izabela Dutra Alvim
Support type: Regular Research Grants