Nishikaku, Angela S.
Solda, V, Marcel
Medina-Pestana, Jose O.
de Franco, Marcello F.
Colombo, Arnaldo Lopes
Total Authors: 8
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Lab Especial Micol, Disciplina Infectol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Solda, Marcel, V, Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Med, Lab Especial Micol, Disciplina Infectol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Hosp Rim, Fundacao Oswaldo Ramos, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Dept Patol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
 Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Patol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
PATHOGENS AND DISEASE;
Web of Science Citations:
Cryptococcosis is the second most common invasive fungal infection reported in renal transplant recipients. Tissue granulomatous inflammation is necessary to contain Cryptococcus infection. This study aims to analyze the granuloma patterns and in situ expression of regulatory T (Treg) immune response in tissue samples from 12 renal transplant recipients with cryptococcosis. Fungal isolates were molecularly identified as Cryptococcus neoformans species complex. A detailed characterization of granulomas in tissue samples from 12 kidney transplant recipients with cryptococcosis was described by checking six lung and six skin biopsies by conventional histology and for immunohistochemical detection of CD4 and Treg markers: forkhead box P3 (FoxP3), interleukin (IL)-10 and transforming-growth factor (TGF)-beta. Granulomas were classified as compact, loose or mixed. Patients with mixed (n = 4) and compact (n = 3) granulomatous inflammation patterns were associated with a better prognosis and presented a higher number of CD4(+)FoxP3(+)T cells compared to the group of patients with loose granulomas. In counterpart, three out of five patients with loose granulomas died with cryptococcosis. We suggest that Treg may have a protective role in the tissue response to Cryptococcus infection given its association with compact and mixed granulomas in patients with better clinical outcomes. (AU)