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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Hypersensitive response: From NLR pathogen recognition to cell death response

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Dalio, Ronaldo J. D. [1, 2] ; Paschoal, Daniele [3] ; Arena, Gabriella D. [4, 3, 1] ; Magalhaes, Diogo M. [1, 2] ; Oliveira, Tiago S. [1] ; Merfa, Marcus V. [1] ; Maximo, Heros J. [1, 2] ; Machado, Marcos A. [1]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Inst Agron Campinas, Ctr Citricultura Sylvio Moreira, Cordeiropolis, SP - Brazil
[2] IdeeLab Biotecnol Ltda, Piracicaba - Brazil
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Super Agr Luiz de Queiroz, Piracicaba - Brazil
[4] Inst Biol, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Review article
Source: Annals of Applied Biology; v. 178, n. 2, SI NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 1

A wide range of potentially plant pathogenic microorganisms are naturally present in the environment. Despite relying only on the innate immune system, plants are able to resist most of the pathogens. Plants employ a multi-layered defence system in which the first layer triggers the basal resistance (pathogen-associated molecular pattern-triggered immunity {[}PTI]). The second layer occurs when a resistance protein (R protein) that mostly encodes nucleotide-binding leucine-rich repeat receptors (NLRs) recognises an effector molecule secreted by an adapted pathogen, leading to effector-triggered immunity (ETI), which triggers the hypersensitive response (HR). More recently, ETI was shown to restore and potentiate PTI signalling components, leading to a robust immune response. Multiple mechanisms of regulation are employed to guarantee proper HR activation. NLR proteins can interact between them and form a heel-like pentamer that anchors to the plasma membrane. Furthermore, NLRs and other proteins can cooperate with NLRs to propagate the immune signalling. Downstream to the recognition of the pathogen by the plant, a rapid cellular response is initiated involving the generation of signalling events that precedes the HR. Here, we summarise the mechanisms involved in HR and highlight new advances in the knowledge of the immune system signalling. We also approach the role of HR threshold during infection by biotrophic, necrotrophic and hemibiotrophic pathogens and the impact in plant fitness and the community of pathogens found in the environment. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/14498-6 - Effectoromics: effectors as a new tool to control Phytophthora parasitica, causal agent of citrus root rot and gummosis.
Grantee:Ronaldo José Durigan Dalio
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral
FAPESP's process: 19/23030-9 - Biotechnological product development containing Memnoniella levispora fungus for use in agriculture
Grantee:Héros José Maximo
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE
FAPESP's process: 14/50880-0 - INCT 2014: comparative and functional genomics and citrus-assisted breeding
Grantee:Marcos Antonio Machado
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants
FAPESP's process: 13/01412-0 - Phylogenetic analysis of Leucine-rich Repeat Receptor-like Kinases from Citrus and the role of EFR Xylella fastidiosa recognition
Grantee:Diogo Maciel de Magalhães
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 14/00366-8 - Arabidopsis thaliana e Citrus leprosis virus-C: a model for the plant-pathogen interaction study
Grantee:Gabriella Dias Arena
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/23043-3 - Development of biotechnological product containing methylotrophic bacteria for use in agriculture
Grantee:Diogo Maciel de Magalhães
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Innovative Research in Small Business - PIPE