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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

New insights in gene expression alteration as effect of doxorubicin drug resistance in triple negative breast cancer cells

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Author(s):
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Ciocan-Cartita, Cristina Alexandra [1] ; Jurj, Ancuta [1] ; Zanoaga, Oana [1] ; Cojocneanu, Roxana [1] ; Pop, Laura-Ancuta [1] ; Moldovan, Alin [1] ; Moldovan, Cristian [2] ; Zimta, Alina Andreea [2] ; Raduly, Lajos [1] ; Pop-Bica, Cecilia [1] ; Buse, Mihail [2] ; Budisan, Liviuta [1] ; Virag, Piroska [3] ; Irimie, Alexandru [4, 5] ; Diaz, Sandra Martha Gomez [6] ; Berindan-Neagoe, Ioana [1, 7] ; Braicu, Cornelia [1]
Total Authors: 17
Affiliation:
[1] Iuliu Hatieganu Univ Med & Pharm, Res Ctr Funct Genom Biomed & Translat Med, Cluj Napoca - Romania
[2] Iuliu Hatieganu Univ Med & Pharm, MedFuture Res Ctr Adv Med, Cluj Napoca - Romania
[3] Prof Dr Ion Chiricuta Oncol Inst, Lab Radiotherapy Radiobiol & Tumor Biol, Cluj Napoca - Romania
[4] Iuliu Hatieganu Univ Med & Pharm, Dept Surg Oncol & Gynecol Oncol, Cluj Napoca - Romania
[5] Prof Dr Ion Chiricuta Oncol Inst, Dept Surg, Cluj Napoca - Romania
[6] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biosci Natl Lab LNBio, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[7] Prof Dr Ion Chiricuta Oncol Inst, Dept Funct Genom & Expt Pathol, Cluj Napoca - Romania
Total Affiliations: 7
Document type: Journal article
Source: JOURNAL OF EXPERIMENTAL & CLINICAL CANCER RESEARCH; v. 39, n. 1 NOV 13 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background Triple negative breast cancer (TNBC) is a heterogeneous disease with aggressive behavior and an unfavorable prognosis rate. Due to the lack of surface receptors, TNBC must be intensely investigated in order to establish a suitable treatment for patients with this pathology. Chemoresistance is an important reason for therapeutic failure in TNBC. Method The aim of this study was to investigate the effect of doxorubicin in TNBC cell lines and to highlight cellular and molecular alterations after a long exposure to doxorubicin. Results The results revealed that doxorubicin significantly increased the half maximal inhibitory concentration (IC50) values at P12 and P24 compared to parenteral cells P0. Modifications in gene expression were investigated through microarray technique, and for detection of mutational pattern was used Next Generation Sequencing (NGS). 196 upregulated and 115 downregulated genes were observed as effect of multiple dose exposure, and 15 overexpressed genes were found to be involved in drug resistance. Also, the presence of some additional mutations in both cell lines was observed. Conclusion The outcomes of this research may provide novel biomarkers for drug resistance in TNBC. Also, this activity can highlight the potential mechanisms associated with drug resistance, as well as the potential therapies to counteract these mechanisms. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/16351-3 - The glutaminase role on tumor progression
Grantee:Sandra Martha Gomes Dias
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants