Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Emergy synthesis for aquaculture: A review on its constraints and potentials

Full text
David, Luiz H. [1] ; Pinho, Sara M. [1, 2] ; Agostinho, Feni [3] ; Kimpara, Janaina Mitsue [4] ; Keesman, Karel J. [2] ; Garcia, Fabiana [1, 5]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Aquaculture Ctr, UNESP, BR-14884900 Jaboticabal, SP - Brazil
[2] Wageningen Univ, Math & Stat Methods Biometris, Wageningen - Netherlands
[3] Univ Paulista UNIP, Postgrad Program Prod Engn, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] EMBRAPA Brazilian Agr Res Corp, Parnaiba - Brazil
[5] APTA SAA, Fisheries Inst, Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Review article
Source: Reviews in Aquaculture; v. 13, n. 2 NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The search for healthier protein sources and the growing demand for food by an increasing world population require aquaculture systems to not only be economically and technologically viable, but also sustainable. Among other methods, emergy synthesis is a powerful tool to assess the sustainability of production systems in a biophysical perspective. However, applications of emergy synthesis on aquaculture systems are seldomly found in the scientific literature. This work provides a literature review on emergy synthesis applied to aquaculture systems and discusses its constraints and potentials. The sixteen papers published between 2000-2020 support the adoption of polycultures more than monocultures and highlight the importance of feed (4-70%) in the total emergy required by aquaculture systems, which require efforts for natural food. Methodological aspects of emergy synthesis applied in aquaculture systems that deserve attention by developers and analysts to avoid mistakes and erroneous conclusions were identified and discussed, and we propose some ways to solve them. These aspects are mainly related to inaccurate unit emergy values for water and feed, dubious procedures in quantifying and classifying water as renewable or non-renewable resources, and the need to recognize the importance in accounting for ecosystem services and disservices. After overcoming these methodological inconsistencies, we foresee that emergy synthesis has potential political implications in supporting most sustainable aquaculture systems through economic (tax reduction and loans with reduced interests) and political (green labels) incentives. All these policies are important to achieve the ultimate goals of the United Nations' Agenda 2030. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/20463-9 - Tilapia production systems with certification potential
Grantee:Luiz Henrique Castro David
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/13235-0 - Technological innovations for the use of biofloc systems in decoupled aquaponics
Grantee:Sara Mello Pinho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/21703-6 - Use of mathematical models and emergy synthesis for the identification and valuation of ecosystem services and externalities in aquaculture production
Grantee:Luiz Henrique Castro David
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 19/02140-0 - Development of technologies for sustainable production of aquatic organisms with potential for certification.
Grantee:Fabiana Garcia Scaloppi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants