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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Differential effects of early exposure to alcohol on alcohol preference and blood alcohol levels in low- and high-anxious rats

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Sgobbi, Renata Ferreira [1] ; Nobre, Manoel Jorge [2, 1]
Total Authors: 2
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Lab Neuropsicofarmacol, Dept Psicol, Fac Filosofia Ciencias & Letras Ribeirao Preto, Ave Bandeirantes 3900, BR-14090901 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Uni FACEF, Dept Psicol, BR-14401135 Franca, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Experimental Brain Research; v. 238, n. 12, p. 2753-2768, DEC 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Emotional disturbances emerge following alcohol withdrawal. The anxiolytic effect of alcohol may be one important motivation for its consumption in conditions where alcohol intake is anxiety reducing. Besides, early alcohol experience will predict future alcohol-related problems at some point in their lives. Rats classified according to their anxiety-like behavior phenotype show a higher preference for alcohol. Yet, despite preclinical studies have identified the behavioral and physiological effects of alcohol withdrawal, little has been shown on relapse to alcohol after a period of abstinence following intermittent long-term alcohol consumption in low-(LA) and high-anxiety (HA) phenotype rats. This study attempts to assess the role of emotional reactivity of early-aged LA and HA rats on later alcohol preference, through an operant response procedure. For this, a sweetened liquid fading procedure associated with a long-term and intermittent voluntary alcohol drinking was used, with the animals being tested on different withdrawal periods. Alcohol withdrawal symptoms were recorded, and blood alcohol levels were assessed at two intervals to examine the influence of anxiety phenotype on blood alcohol clearance. Data from HA control and HA withdrawn rats show that emotionality selectively influences alcohol preference. Blood alcohol decay was faster in HA than in LA alcohol pretreated rats. HA rats showed an ascending curve of alcohol intake, exhibiting a high level of alcohol drinking on withdrawal and withdrawal symptoms. Moreover, HA alcohol experienced rats show a high frequency of lever-pressing response during extinction, associated with a facilitation of bar-pressing recovery trials, an indication of alcohol-seeking behavior. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 10/15157-4 - Trait anxiety and environmental enrichment as determining factors on the development and functioning of the reward and aversion circuitry in rats made dependent on alcohol or morphine
Grantee:Manoel Jorge Nobre Do Espirito Santo
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/09685-9 - Cortical changes induced by chronic administration of ketamine and its influence on emotional, locomotor and attentional aspects of rats tested at different stages of the estrous cycle
Grantee:Renata Ferreira Sgobbi
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctoral