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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Dynamics of soil penetration resistance in water-controlled environments

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Author(s):
Souza, Rodolfo [1, 2] ; Hartzell, Samantha [3] ; Freire Ferraz, Andre Pereira [4] ; de Almeida, Andre Quintao [5] ; de Sousa Lima, Jose Romualdo [6] ; Dantas Antonino, Antonio Celso [7] ; de Souza, Eduardo Soares [8]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Texas A&M Univ, Dept Biol & Agr Engn, College Stn, TX 77843 - USA
[3] Princeton Univ, Princeton, NJ 08544 - USA
[4] Fed Univ Rondonopolis, Rondonopolis, MT - Brazil
[5] Univ Fed Sergipe, Sao Cristovao - Brazil
[6] Fed Univ Agreste Pernambuco, Garanhuns - Brazil
[7] Univ Fed Pernambuco, Recife, PE - Brazil
[8] Univ Fed Rural Pernambuco, Serra Talhada - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 8
Document type: Journal article
Source: SOIL & TILLAGE RESEARCH; v. 205, JAN 2021.
Web of Science Citations: 1
Abstract

In water-controlled environments, because rainfall is one of the primary hydroclimatic forcings, its variability can affect the dynamics of soil water content and other related processes such as soil penetration resistance (PR), plant growth, and food production. The objective of this study was to simulate the relative soil water content (s) and PR year-round considering semi-arid rainfall conditions for different soil classes. An experiment was conducted to obtain relative soil water content (s) and PR data in sandy soil and this information was combined with a data set of four soils from a similar experiment conducted on different soil texture classes. The relative soil water content and PR were simulated at a daily timescale using a stochastic soil water balance model for the five soils. The parameters of the PR-s model can be estimated from the soil texture and bulk density. Under rainfed conditions, there is a short window for tillage (plowing and cultivation) of sandy soils compared with clay soils. During the majority of a typical hydrological year, the PR reaches high values (greater than 5.0 MPa) imposing a moderate to high physical limitation for root growth in sandy soils. In the same soils, limiting PR is reached at s levels very close to the field capacity during the drying process. This indicates that an extra input of water through irrigation may be required during the establishment of crops with a well-developed root system in order to prevent impairments to root growth. The daily PR values modeled over the course of a hydrological year followed a beta distribution with shape parameters (alpha and beta) which were strongly correlated with the frequency of rainfall events during the wet season (lambda(wet)). The modeling framework presented here for simulating relative soil water content and soil penetration resistance can be applied to agricultural systems in order to prevent physical limitations on crop growth and to plan tillage management schedules. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 19/21426-2 - Hidroclimatology of sites in Cerrado and Atlantic Forest biomes
Grantee:Rodolfo Marcondes Silva Souza
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Post-Doctorate