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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Rearfoot, Midfoot, and Forefoot Motion in Naturally Forefoot and Rearfoot Strike Runners during Treadmill Running

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Matias, Alessandra B. [1] ; Caravaggi, Paolo [2] ; Taddei, Ulisses T. [1] ; Leardini, Alberto [2] ; Sacco, Isabel C. N. [1]
Total Authors: 5
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Phys Therapy Speech & Occupat Therapy Dept, Sch Med, Rua Cipotania 51, Cidade Univ, BR-05360170 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] IRCCS Ist Ortoped Rizzoli, Movement Anal Lab, Via Giulio Cesare Pupilli 1, I-40136 Bologna - Italy
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: APPLIED SCIENCES-BASEL; v. 10, n. 21 NOV 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Different location and incidence of lower extremity injuries have been reported in rearfoot strike (RFS) and forefoot strike (FFS) recreational runners. These might be related to functional differences between the two footstrike patterns affecting foot kinematics and thus the incidence of running injuries. The aim of this study was to investigate and compare the kinematic patterns of foot joints between naturally RFS and FFS runners. A validated multi-segment foot model was used to measure 24 foot kinematic variables in long-distance recreational runners while running on a treadmill. These variables included the three-dimensional relative motion between rearfoot, midfoot, and forefoot segments. The footstrike pattern was identified using kinematic data and slow-motion videos. Functional analysis of variance was used to compare the time series of these variables between RFS (n = 49) and FFS (n = 25) runners. In FFS runners, the metatarsal bones were less tilted with respect to the ground, and the metatarsus was less adducted with respect to the calcaneus during stance. In early stance, the calcaneus was more dorsiflexed with respect to the shank and returned to a more plantarflexed position at push-off. FFS runners showed a more adducted calcaneus with respect to the shank and a less inverted midfoot to the calcaneus. The present study has showed that the footstrike angle characterizes foot kinematics in running. These data may help shed more light on the relationship between foot function and running-related injuries. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/26844-1 - Running in minimal footwear, partial minimal and barefoot: joint kinetics and loading rates patterns
Grantee:Alessandra Bento Matias
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 16/17077-4 - Effects of a foot and ankle complex strengthening program on the occurrence of injuries and biomechanics in long distance runners: a controlled, randomized clinical trial
Grantee:Alessandra Bento Matias
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate (Direct)
FAPESP's process: 17/23975-8 - Biomechanical study of the foot and ankle kinematics of runners: scientific collaboration and student coorientation
Grantee:Isabel de Camargo Neves Sacco
Support Opportunities: Research Grants - Visiting Researcher Grant - International
FAPESP's process: 15/14810-0 - Biomechanical and functional aspects of the musculoskeletal system of runners: chronic effects of therapeutic exercise and aging
Grantee:Isabel de Camargo Neves Sacco
Support Opportunities: Research Projects - Thematic Grants