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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Venlafaxine-induced damage to seminiferous epithelium, spermiation, and sperm parameters in rats: A correlation with high estrogen levels

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de Santi, Fabiane [1] ; Beltrame, Flavia L. [1] ; Rogridues, Beatriz M. [2] ; Junior, Marcio J. V. P. [2] ; Scaramele, Natalia F. [3] ; Lopes, Flavia L. [3] ; Cerri, Paulo S. [2] ; Sasso-Cerri, Estela [2]
Total Authors: 8
[1] Univ Fed Sao Paulo, Dept Morphol & Genet, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Dent, Dept Morphol Orthodont & Pediat Dent, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
[3] Sao Paulo State Univ UNESP, Sch Vet Med, Dept Prod & Anim Hlth, Aracatuba - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: ANDROLOGY; v. 9, n. 1 SEP 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Background Venlafaxine (selective serotonin and norepinephrine reuptake inhibitor) use has increased worldwide. However, the impact of venlafaxine on testes and sperm parameters has not been investigated. Objectives We evaluated venlafaxine impact on testicular and sperm parameters and verified whether the changes are reversible. Methods Animals from venlafaxine-35 days and venlafaxine-65 days groups received 30 mg/kg of venlafaxine for 35 days. Control-35 days and control-65 days received distilled water. In control-65 days and venlafaxine-65 days, the treatment was interrupted for 30 days. Sperm concentration, morphology, motility, and mitochondrial activity were analyzed. Number of step 19 spermatids (NLS), frequency of tubules with spermiation failure, Sertoli cells number, and TUNEL-positive germ cells were quantified. Testicular aromatase, connexin 43 (Cx43) immunoexpression, Cx43 protein levels, andCx43expression were evaluated. Either intratesticular testosterone or estrogen levels were measured. Results Venlafaxine impaired sperm morphology, reduced sperm concentration, mitochondrial activity, and sperm motility. The frequency of tubules with spermiation failure and NLS increased in parallel to increased Cx43 immunoexpression; mRNA and protein levels; and aromatase, testosterone, and estrogen levels. An increase in germ cell death and decreased Sertoli cells number were observed. In venlafaxine-65 days, except for sperm motility, mitochondrial activity, Sertoli cells number, and germ cell death, all other parameters were partially or totally recovered. Conclusion Venlafaxine increases testosterone aromatization and Cx43. This drug, via high estrogen levels, disturbs Sertoli cells, induces germ cell death, and impairs spermiation and sperm parameters. The restoration of spermiation associated with the decreased Cx43 and hormonal levels in venlafaxine-65 days reinforces that high estrogen levels are related to venlafaxine-induced changes. The presence of damaged Sertoli cells, germ cell death, and low sperm motility in venlafaxine-65 days indicates that interruption of treatment for 30 days was insufficient for testicular recovery and points to a long-term estrogen impact on the seminiferous epithelium. (AU)

Grantee:Estela Sasso Cerri
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 19/09064-8 - Impact of the antidepressant venlafaxine in the somatic testicular cells and germ cells viability of adult rats
Grantee:Marcio José Viana Pinheiro Junior
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation