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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Determination and uptake of abamectin and difenoconazole in the stingless bee Melipona scutellaris Latreille, 1811 via oral and topic acute exposure

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Ribeiro do Prado, Fernanda Scavassa [1] ; dos Santos, Dayana Moscardi [1] ; de Almeida Oliveira, Thiessa Maramaldo [1] ; Micheletti Burgarelli, Jose Augusto [1] ; Castele, Janete Brigante [1, 2] ; Vieira, Eny Maria [1]
Total Authors: 6
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Inst Chem, Sao Carlos - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Sao Carlos Engn Sch, Sao Carlos - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: Environmental Pollution; v. 265, n. B OCT 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Bees are considered as important providers of ecosystem services, acting via pollination process in crops and native plants, and contributing significantly to the maintenance of biodiversity. However, the decrease of bee's population has been observed worldwide and besides other factors, this collapse is also related to the extensive use of pesticides. In this sense, studies involving the assessment of adverse effects and the uptake of pesticides by bees are of great concern. This work presents an analytical method for the determination of the insecticide abamectin and the fungicide difenoconazole in the stingless bee Melipona scutellaris exposed via oral and topic to endpoints concentrations of active ingredients (a.i.) alone and in commercial formulations and the discussion about its mortality and uptake. For this purpose, QuEChERS (Quick, Easy, Cheap, Efficient, Rugged and Safe) acetate modified method was used for extraction and pesticides were determined by LC-MS/MS. The validation parameters have included: a linear range between 0.01 and 1.00 mu g mL(-1); and LOD and LOQ of 0.038 and 0.076 mu g g(-1) for abamectin and difenoconazole, respectively. The uptake of tested pesticides via oral and topic was verified by the accumulation in adult forager bees, mainly when the commercial product was tested. Mortality was observed to be higher in oral exposure than in topic tests for both pesticides. For abamectin in a commercial formulation (a.i.) no differences were observed for oral or topic exposure. On the other hand, for difenoconazole, topic exposure had demonstrated higher accumulation in bees, according to the increase of received dose. Through the results, uptake and the possible consequences of bioaccumulated pesticides are also discussed and can contribute to the knowledge about the risks involving the exposure of bees to these compounds. (C) 2020 Published by Elsevier Ltd. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/16244-0 - Analysis of thiamethoxam in bee tissue and pollen by LCMSMS and environmental risk assessment of insecticide thiamethoxam applied to strawberry cultivation on bees Apis mellifera L. and Tetragonisca angustula Latreille (1811)
Grantee:Eny Maria Vieira
Support type: Regular Research Grants