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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Novel xylose transporter Cs4130 expands the sugar uptake repertoire in recombinantSaccharomyces cerevisiaestrains at high xylose concentrations

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Author(s):
Ribeiro Bueno, Joao Gabriel [1, 2] ; Borelli, Guilherme [2] ; Ribeiro Correa, Thamy Livia [1] ; Fiamenghi, Mateus Bernabe [2] ; Jos, Juliana [2] ; de Carvalho, Murilo [3, 4] ; de Oliveira, Leandro Cristante [5] ; Pereira, Goncalo A. G. [2] ; dos Santos, Leandro Vieira [1, 2]
Total Authors: 9
Affiliation:
[1] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biorenewable Natl Lab LNBR, BR-13083100 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Inst Biol, Genet & Mol Biol Grad Program, Campinas - Brazil
[3] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Biosci Natl Lab LNBio, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[4] Brazilian Ctr Res Energy & Mat CNPEM, Brazilian Synchrotron Light Lab LNLS, BR-13083970 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[5] Sao Paulo State Univ, UNESP, Dept Phys, Inst Biosci Humanities & Exact Sci, BR-15054000 Sao Jose Do Rio Preto, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 5
Document type: Journal article
Source: BIOTECHNOLOGY FOR BIOFUELS; v. 13, n. 1 AUG 14 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Background The need to restructure the world's energy matrix based on fossil fuels and mitigate greenhouse gas emissions stimulated the development of new biobased technologies for renewable energy. One promising and cleaner alternative is the use of second-generation (2G) fuels, produced from lignocellulosic biomass sugars. A major challenge on 2G technologies establishment is the inefficient assimilation of the five-carbon sugar xylose by engineeredSaccharomyces cerevisiaestrains, increasing fermentation time. The uptake of xylose across the plasma membrane is a critical limiting step and the budding yeastS. cerevisiaeis not designed with a broad transport system and regulatory mechanisms to assimilate xylose in a wide range of concentrations present in 2G processes. Results Assessing diverse microbiomes such as the digestive tract of plague insects and several decayed lignocellulosic biomasses, we isolated several yeast species capable of using xylose. Comparative fermentations selected the yeastCandida sojaeas a potential source of high-affinity transporters. Comparative genomic analysis elects four potential xylose transporters whose properties were evaluated in the transporter null EBY.VW4000 strain carrying the xylose-utilizing pathway integrated into the genome. While the traditional xylose transporter Gxf1 allows an improved growth at lower concentrations (10 g/L), strains containing Cs3894 and Cs4130 show opposite responses with superior xylose uptake at higher concentrations (up to 50 g/L). Docking and normal mode analysis of Cs4130 and Gxf1 variants pointed out important residues related to xylose transport, identifying key differences regarding substrate translocation comparing both transporters. Conclusions Considering that xylose concentrations in second-generation hydrolysates can reach high values in several designed processes, Cs4130 is a promising novel candidate for xylose uptake. Here, we demonstrate a novel eukaryotic molecular transporter protein that improves growth at high xylose concentrations and can be used as a promising target towards engineering efficient pentose utilization in yeast. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 17/08519-6 - Development of a genomic atlas for rational engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae aiming second-generation ethanol production
Grantee:Leandro Vieira dos Santos
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/00888-5 - Genetic engineering of Saccharomyces cerevisiae for xylose and glucose co-fermentation and second-generation ethanol production
Grantee:João Gabriel Ribeiro Bueno
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Master
FAPESP's process: 17/05078-9 - Heterolog expression of putative xylose transporters from Candida sojae in Saccharomyces cerevisae aiming the 2G ethanol production
Grantee:João Gabriel Ribeiro Bueno
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation