Sao Paulo State Univ Unesp, Inst Sci & Technol, Dept Biosci & Oral Diag, Sao Jose Dos Campos - Brazil
 Brown Univ, Rhode Isl Hosp, Div Infect Dis, Warren Alpert Med Sch, Providence, RI 02903 - USA
 Sao Paulo State Univ, Ctr Bioassays Biosynth & Ecophysiol Nat Prod, Inst Chem, Dept Organ Chem, UNESP, Araraquara, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
FRONTIERS IN CELLULAR AND INFECTION MICROBIOLOGY;
AUG 4 2020.
Web of Science Citations:
Candida aurishas emerged as a medically important pathogen with considerable resistance to antifungal agents. The ability to produce biofilms is an important pathogenicity feature of this species that aids escape of host immune responses and antimicrobial agents. The objective of this study was to verify antifungal action usingin vitroandin vivomodels of the Lactobacillus paracasei 28.4 probiotic cells and postbiotic activity of crude extract (LPCE) and fraction 1 (LPF1), derived from L. paracasei 28.4 supernatant. Both live cells and cells free supernatant of L. paracasei 28.4 inhibited C. aurissuggesting probiotic and postbiotic effects. The minimum inhibitory concentration (MIC) for LPCE was 15 mg/mL and ranges from 3.75 to 7.5 mg/mL for LPF1. Killing kinetics determined that after 24 h treatment with LPCE or LPF1 there was a complete reduction of viableC. auriscells compared to fluconazole, which decreased the initial inoculum by 1-logCFU during the same time period. LPCE and LPF1 significantly reduced the biomass (p= 0.0001) and the metabolic activity (p= 0.0001) of C. aurisbiofilm. There was also a total reduction (similar to 10(8)CFU/mL) in viability of persisterC. auriscells after treatment with postbiotic elements (p< 0.0001). In anin vivostudy, injection of LPCE and LPF1 intoG. mellonellalarvae infected with C. aurisprolonged survival of these insects compared to a control group (p< 0.05) and elicited immune responses by increasing the number of circulating hemocytes and gene expression of antimicrobial peptide galiomicin. We concluded that theL. paracasei 28.4 cells and postbiotic elements (LPCE and LPF1) have antifungal activity against planktonic cells, biofilms, and persister cells of C. auris. Postbiotic supplementation derived fromL. paracasei 28.4 protected G. mellonella infected with C. auris and enhanced its immune status indicating a dual function in modulating a host immune response. (AU)