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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Metabolomic and Gene Expression Studies Reveal the Diversity, Distribution and Spatial Regulation of the Specialized Metabolism of Yacon (Smallanthus sonchifolius, Asteraceae)

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Padilla-Gonzalez, Guillermo F. [1, 2] ; Amrehn, Evelyn [3] ; Frey, Maximilian [3] ; Gomez-Zeledon, Javier [3] ; Kaa, Alevtina [3] ; Da Costa, Fernando B. [1] ; Spring, Otmar [3]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci Ribeirao Preto, Lab Pharmacognosy, AsterBioChem Res Team, Av Do Cafe S-N, BR-14040903 Ribeirao Preto, SP - Brazil
[2] Jodrell Lab, Royal Bot Gardens, Kew Green Rd, London TW9 3AB - England
[3] Univ Hohenheim, Inst Biol, Dept Biochem Plant Secondary Metab, Garbenstr 30, D-70599 Stuttgart, BW - Germany
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

Smallanthus sonchifolius, also known as yacon, is an Andean crop species commercialized for its nutraceutical and medicinal properties. The tuberous roots of yacon accumulate a diverse array of probiotic and bioactive metabolites including fructooligosaccharides and caffeic acid esters. However, the metabolic diversity of yacon remains unexplored, including the site of biosynthesis and accumulation of key metabolite classes. We report herein a multidisciplinary approach involving metabolomics, gene expression and scanning electron microscopy, to provide a comprehensive analysis of the diversity, distribution and spatial regulation of the specialized metabolism in yacon. Our results demonstrate that different metabolic fingerprints and gene expression patterns characterize specific tissues, organs and cultivars of yacon. Manual inspection of mass spectrometry data and molecular networking allowed the tentative identification of 71 metabolites, including undescribed structural analogues of known bioactive compounds. Imaging by scanning electron microscopy revealed the presence of a new type of glandular trichome in yacon bracts, with a distinctive metabolite profile. Furthermore, the high concentration of sesquiterpene lactones in capitate glandular trichomes and the restricted presence of certain flavonoids and caffeic acid esters in underground organs and internal tissues suggests that these metabolites could be involved in protective and ecological functions. This study demonstrates that individual organs and tissues make specific contributions to the highly diverse and specialized metabolome of yacon, which is proving to be a reservoir of previously undescribed molecules of potential significance in human health. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 14/26866-7 - Metabolomics, enzymatic targets and in silico tools in the search of bioactive compounds from plants
Grantee:Fernando Batista da Costa
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 14/17702-0 - Metabolomics and evolution of chemical characters in the subtribe Espeletiinae (Asteraceae)
Grantee:Guillermo Federico Padilla Gonzalez
Support Opportunities: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 16/21183-4 - Metabolic fingerprinting and biosynthesis of sesquiterpene lactones in Smallanthus sonchifolius and Espeletia (Asteraceae): a metabolomic and transcriptomic approach
Grantee:Guillermo Federico Padilla Gonzalez
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate