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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

LIMK (LIM Kinase) Inhibition Prevents Vasoconstriction- and Hypertension-Induced Arterial Stiffening and Remodeling

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Author(s):
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Morales-Quinones, Mariana [1] ; Ramirez-Perez, I, Francisco ; Foote, Christopher A. [2] ; Ghiarone, Thaysa [2] ; Ferreira-Santos, Larissa [2, 3] ; Bloksgaard, Maria [4] ; Spencer, Nicole [5] ; Kimchi, Eric T. [6, 7] ; Manrique-Acevedo, Camila [8, 2, 7] ; Padilla, Jaume [9, 2] ; Martinez-Lemus, Luis A. [10, 2, 11]
Total Authors: 11
Affiliation:
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[1] Univ Missouri, Dalton Cardiovasc Res Ctr, 1500 Res Pk Dr, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[2] Ramirez-Perez, Francisco, I, Univ Missouri, Dalton Cardiovasc Res Ctr, 1500 Res Pk Dr, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[3] Univ Sao Paulo, Fac Med, Hosp Clin, Inst Coracio InCor, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Univ Southern Denmark, Dept Mol Med, Odense - Denmark
[5] Columbia Surg Associates, Columbia, MO - USA
[6] Univ Missouri, Dept Surg, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[7] Harry S Truman Mem Vet Hosp, Res Serv, Columbia, MO - USA
[8] Univ Missouri, Dept Med, Div Endocrinol Diabet & Metab, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[9] Univ Missouri, Dept Nutr & Exercise Physiol, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[10] Univ Missouri, Dept Med Pharmacol & Physiol, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
[11] Ramirez-Perez, Francisco, I, Univ Missouri, Dept Biol Engn, Columbia, MO 65211 - USA
Total Affiliations: 11
Document type: Journal article
Source: Hypertension; v. 76, n. 2, p. 393-403, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Increased arterial stiffness and vascular remodeling precede and are consequences of hypertension. They also contribute to the development and progression of life-threatening cardiovascular diseases. Yet, there are currently no agents specifically aimed at preventing or treating arterial stiffening and remodeling. Previous research indicates that vascular smooth muscle actin polymerization participates in the initial stages of arterial stiffening and remodeling and that LIMK (LIM kinase) promotes F-actin formation and stabilization via cofilin phosphorylation and consequent inactivation. Herein, we hypothesize that LIMK inhibition is able to prevent vasoconstriction- and hypertension-associated arterial stiffening and inward remodeling. We found that small visceral arteries isolated from hypertensive subjects are stiffer and have greater cofilin phosphorylation than those from nonhypertensives. We also show that LIMK inhibition prevents arterial stiffening and inward remodeling in isolated human small visceral arteries exposed to prolonged vasoconstriction. Using cultured vascular smooth muscle cells, we determined that LIMK inhibition prevents vasoconstrictor agonists from increasing cofilin phosphorylation, F-actin volume, and cell cortex stiffness. We further show that localized LIMK inhibition prevents arteriolar inward remodeling in hypertensive mice. This indicates that hypertension is associated with increased vascular smooth muscle cofilin phosphorylation, cytoskeletal stress fiber formation, and heightened arterial stiffness. Our data further suggest that pharmacological inhibition of LIMK prevents vasoconstriction-induced arterial stiffening, in part, via reductions in vascular smooth muscle F-actin content and cellular stiffness. Accordingly, LIMK inhibition should represent a promising therapeutic means to stop the progression of arterial stiffening and remodeling in hypertension. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/18854-0 - Role of ADAM17 in mediating vascular insulin resistance in type 2 diabetes
Grantee:Larissa Ferreira dos Santos
Support type: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Doctorate