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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cladistic analysis of the Brazilian troglobitic harvestmen genus Iandumoema Pinto-da-Rocha (Opiliones : Gonyleptidae) with the description of three new species: a brief exercise over the use of troglomorphisms in cladistic analysis

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de Azara, Ludson Neves [1] ; Hara, Marcos Ryotara [2] ; Ferreira, Rodrigo Lopes [3]
Total Authors: 3
[1] Univ Fed Rio de Janeiro, Museu Nacl, Dept Invertebrados, Lab Aracnol, BR-20940040 Rio De Janeiro, RJ - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Escola Artes Ciencias & Humanidades, Ave Arlindo Bettio 1000, BR-03828000 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Univ Fed Lavras, Setor Zool Geral, Dept Biol, Ctr Estudos Biol Subterranea, Lavras, MG - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: INVERTEBRATE SYSTEMATICS; v. 34, n. 5, p. 474-503, 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

From an ecological and evolutionary standpoint, troglobitic organisms are of special interest because they have evolved in, and are restricted to, the subterranean environment. Iandumoema Pinto-da-Rocha, 1997 stands out for being the only Brazilian harvestmen genus with more than one troglobitic species, with three species described from caves in Minas Gerais state. Traditionally, testing the monophyly of troglobitic groups is more challenging than testing groups that do not include troglobites. Many of their shared features might be the result of convergence or parallelism imposed by the cave environment, such as the absence of light, limited and infrequent availability of food resources and low population density, among others. In the case of Iandumoema, this becomes even more difficult because the genus is currently included in the species-rich and polyphyletic subfamily Pachylinae. This study tested the monophyly of this troglobitic genus and proposed the first phylogenetic hypothesis for Iandumoema based on cladistic analysis using morphological data. The analysis included all described species of Iandumoema and three new troglobitic species: I. cuca, sp. nov. (type locality: Itacarambi, Gruta da Agua do Joao Ferreira); I. gollum, sp. nov. (type locality: Presidente Juscelino, Lapa D'Agua); and I. stygia, sp. nov. (type locality: Montes Claros, Gruta do Cedro). The matrix comprises 79 characters and 28 terminal taxa: six species of Iandumoema; 14 of Pachylinae; six from other Gonyleptidae subfamilies; one species of Cosmetidae; and one of Metasarcidae. The cladistic analysis resulted in one parsimonious tree (339 steps, consistency index = 0.35, retention index = 0.56). Iandumoema is a monophyletic and well supported genus, nestled among Brazilian `Pachylinae'. Three new species are described and an identification key and ecological remarks for all six species of the genus Iandumoema is provided. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/07193-2 - Taxonomic revision and cladistic analysis of Pachylospeleinae Silhavý and Metagyndes Sorensen and their respective genera putatively close phylogenetically (Arachnida: Opiliones: Gonyleptidae): tackling the Pachylinae poliphyly in two fronts
Grantee:Marcos Ryotaro Hara
Support type: Regular Research Grants