Advanced search
Start date
(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Effects of solidification thermal parameters and Bi doping on silicon size, morphology and mechanical properties of Al-15wt.% Si-3.2wt.% Bi and Al-18wt.% Si-3.2wt.% Bi alloys

Full text
Dias, Marcelino [1] ; Oliveira, Ricardo [1] ; Kakitani, Rafael [1] ; Cheung, Noe [1] ; Henein, Hani [2] ; Spinelli, Jose Eduardo [3] ; Garcia, Amauri [1]
Total Authors: 7
[1] Univ Campinas UNICAMP, Dept Mfg & Mat Engn, BR-13083860 Campinas, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Alberta, Dept Chem & Mat Engn, Edmonton, AB T6G 2G6 - Canada
[3] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Dept Mat Engn, BR-13565905 Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Web of Science Citations: 0

The use of bismuth (Bi) in aluminum (Al) industries is recognized as prime importance because of possible recycling as alloying element in special applications such as those enhancing machinability. The effects of Bi interaction on solidification progress as well as on the resulting microstructure of hypereutectic Al-Si alloys, i.e. the morphology and size of Si crystals are rare information. As such, the present research work investigates the characteristic parameters of eutectic and primary Si with addition of Bi for both ternary Al-15 wt.%Si-3.2 wt.%Bi and Al-18 wt.%Si- 3.2 wt.%Bi alloys samples directionally solidified (DS) under various cooling rates. The alloy containing 15 wt.%Si showed that Bi acts in the suppression of the growth of primary Si crystals for samples solidified at cooling rates ranging from 2.0 to 31 K/s. For lower rates, a minor fraction of five-fold branched Si was recognized in transverse specimens. A mixture of globular-fibrous eutectic Si is shown to occur for eutectic cooling rates higher than 5 K/s. The Al-18 wt.%Si- 3.2 wt.%Bi alloy is characterized by a mixed structure of eutectic flaky Si and primary angular Si with intersecting spines at nearly 90 all over the entire range of experimental cooling rates (i.e., from 0.4 to 40 K/s). Despite the intricacy of the formed microstructures, it was possible to establish relationships between tensile properties and eutectic Si spacing in order to compare the properties between the tested alloys. Tensile strength and elongation decrease with increasing alloy Si content. (C) 2020 The Authors. Published by Elsevier B.V. This is an open access article under the CC BY-NC-ND license ( (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/11791-2 - Microstructural Evolution and Mechanical and Wear Resistances of Ternary Al-Bi-Si and Al-Bi-Ni alloys Unidirectionally Solidified
Grantee:José Marcelino da Silva Dias Filho
Support Opportunities: Scholarships abroad - Research Internship - Post-doctor
FAPESP's process: 17/12741-6 - Application of experimental solidification techniques, characterization of microstructure and properties in the evaluation of eutectic and hypereutectic Al-base and Zn-base alloys
Grantee:José Eduardo Spinelli
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants