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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Bioactive Fatty Acids in the Resolution of Chronic Inflammation in Skin Wounds

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Jara, Carlos Poblete [1, 2] ; Mendes, Natalia Ferreira [1, 2] ; do Prado, Thais Paulino [1, 2] ; de Araujo, Eliana Pereira [1, 2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Estadual Campinas, Fac Nursing, Rua Tessalia Vieira de Camargo 126, BR-13083887 Campinas - Brazil
[2] Univ Estadual Campinas, Obes & Comorbid Res Ctr, Lab Cell Signaling, Campinas - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 2
Document type: Journal article
Source: ADVANCES IN WOUND CARE; v. 9, n. 8 JUN 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

Significance:Optimal skin wound healing is crucial for maintaining tissue homeostasis, particularly in response to an injury. The skin immune system is under regulation of mediators such as bioactive lipids and cytokines that can initiate an immune response with controlled inflammation, followed by efficient resolution. However, nutritional deficiency impacts wound healing by hindering fibroblast proliferation, collagen synthesis, and epithelialization, among other crucial functions. In this way, the correct nutritional support of bioactive lipids and of other essential nutrients plays an important role in the outcome of the wound healing process. Recent Advances and Critical Issues:Several studies have revealed the potential role of lipids as a treatment for the healing of skin wounds. Unsaturated fatty acids such as linoleic acid, alpha-linolenic acid, oleic acid, and most of their bioactive products have shown an effective role as a topical treatment of chronic skin wounds. Their effect, when the treatment starts at day 0, has been observed mainly in the inflammatory phase of the wound healing process. Moreover, some of them were associated with different dressings and were tested for clinical purposes, including pluronic gel, nanocapsules, collagen films and matrices, and polymeric bandages. Therefore, future research is still needed to evaluate these dressing technologies in association with different bioactive fatty acids in a wound healing context. Future Directions:This review summarizes the main results of the available clinical trials and basic research studies and provides evidence-based conclusions. Together, current data encourage the use of bioactive fatty acids for an optimal wound healing resolution. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 16/17810-3 - Evaluation of TGF-b1 function in the hypothalamus of animals with obesity and diabetes induced by high-fat diet
Grantee:Natália Ferreira Mendes
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate