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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Inhandjara topaz leucogranite: A late rare metal-mineralized stock within the A-type Itu batholith, SE Brazil

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Araujo, Fernando Prado [1] ; Martins, Lucelene [2, 1] ; Pereira, Giovanna de Souza [1, 3] ; Janasi, Valdecir de Assis [2]
Total Authors: 4
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Programa Posgrad Mineral & Petrol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
[3] Janasi, Valdecir de Assis, Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Rua Lago 562, BR-05508080 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil.Araujo, Fernando Prado, Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Geociencias, Programa Posgrad Mineral & Petrol, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 3
Document type: Journal article
Source: Journal of South American Earth Sciences; v. 101, AUG 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0

The Inhandjara leucogranite is a highly differentiated Ediacaran stock with crystallization age of ca. 570 Ma (SHRIMP zircon U-Pb dating). It is a satellite intrusion of the Itu batholith, a large post-orogenic A-type granite in south-eastern Brazil. The Inhandjara stock consists of two leucogranitic facies: (1) an early inequigranular to porphyritic biotite-bearing monzogranite (BG), with potassium feldspar megacrysts in a medium to coarsegrained matrix; and (2) a more evolved equigranular medium to fine-grained topaz-bearing alkali feldspar granite (TAG) with subhedral albite, anhedral quartz and potassium feldspar, and accessory Li-bearing siderophyllite, topaz, Y-bearing fluorite, zircon, ilmenite, and columbite-group minerals. Both facies display signs of autometasomatism, mainly as pervasive albitization and fissure to pervasive greisenization. The Inhandjara leucogranite is reduced, metaluminous to weakly peraluminous and shows A-type affinity. There is a progressive increase of SiO2, Al2O3, Na2O, F, Cs, Rb, Nb, Ta and Y from the early biotite granite to the late topaz granite, parallel to a decrease in TiO2, Fe2O3, MgO, CaO, Sr, Ba and Zr. The seagull-wing-shaped REE pattern of the topaz granite, with a strong negative Eu anomaly (Eu/Eu{*} = 0.003), is unique in the Itu batholith. Both facies have very negative epsilon Nd-(570Ma) values, ranging from -11.7 to -13.2, with the lowest values within the Itu batholith. Zircon crystals from biotite granite show oscillatory zoning and chemical evolution from core to rim; whereas in the topaz granite, zircon is unzoned and strongly enriched in Y, Hf, Nb, Th, and U, suggesting crystallization from a residual melt in the presence of a fluid phase. The Inhandjara stock crystallized from a highly evolved magma derived from a lower crustal source. The strong enrichment in incompatible lithophile elements mostly results from protracted magmatic fractionation, enhanced by the interaction with magmatic-hydrothermal fluids. These characteristics reveal that the leucogranite is the most differentiated occurrence within the Itu batholith and support its relation with regional rare metal mineralization (Nb-Sn-W). (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/01817-6 - Generation and evolution of granitic magmas and tectonic implications: a contribution from Sr-Nd-Pb isotope geochemistry and in situ dating and geochemistry of zircon in granites from se Brazil
Grantee:Valdecir de Assis Janasi
Support Opportunities: Regular Research Grants