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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Rapid Automatized Naming and Explicit Phonological Processing in Children With Developmental Dyslexia: A Study With Portuguese-Speaking Children in Brazil

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Author(s):
da Silva, Patricia Botelho [1, 2] ; Engel de Abreu, Pascale M. J. [1] ; Laurence, Paulo Guirro [2, 3] ; Nico, Maria angela Nogueira [2, 4] ; Simi, Luiz Gustavo Varejao [4] ; Tomas, Rute C. [1] ; Macedo, Elizeu Coutinho [2, 3]
Total Authors: 7
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Luxembourg, Inst Res Multilingualism, Belval - Luxembourg
[2] Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab, Dev Disorders Program, Ctr Hlth & Biol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[3] Simi, Luiz Gustavo Varejao, Brazilian Dyslexia Assoc ABD, Sao Paulo, Brazil.da Silva, Patricia Botelho, Univ Prebiteriana Mackenzie, Social & Cognit Neurosci Lab, Dev Disorders Program, Ctr Hlth & Biol Sci, Sao Paulo - Brazil
[4] Brazilian Dyslexia Assoc ABD, Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: FRONTIERS IN PSYCHOLOGY; v. 11, MAY 27 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 0
Abstract

Many studies have shown that children with reading difficulties present deficits in rapid automatized naming (RAN) and phonological awareness skills. The aim of this study was to examine RAN and explicit phonological processing in Brazilian Portuguese-speaking children with developmental dyslexia and to explore the ability of RAN to discriminate between children with and without dyslexia. Participants were 30 children with a clinical diagnosis of dyslexia established by the Brazilian Dyslexia Association and 30 children with typical development. Children were aged between 7 and 12, and groups were matched for chronological age and sex. They completed a battery of tests that are commonly used in Brazil for diagnosing dyslexia, consisting of the Wechsler Intelligence Test for Children (WISC-IV) as well as tests of single word and non-word reading, RAN, and the profile of phonological abilities test. Results indicate that the cognitive profile of this group of children, with a clinical diagnosis of dyslexia, showed preserved skills in the four subscales of the WISC-IV (verbal comprehension, perceptual reasoning, working memory, and processing speed) and on the profile of phonological abilities test. Groups significantly differed on the reading tests (word and non-word) and RAN measures, with medium to large effect sizes for RAN. Classification and regression tree analysis revealed that RAN was a good predictor for dyslexia diagnosis, with an overall classification accuracy rate of 88.33%. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 15/22506-9 - Rapid Automatic Naming and phonological awareness: preditic effect for reading learning and relationship with the development dyslexia.
Grantee:Patrícia Botelho da Silva
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/09654-7 - Relating cognitive-visual strategies and executive functions: examples with eye-tracking in inductive reasoning and reading tasks
Grantee:Paulo Guirro Laurence
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate