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(Reference retrieved automatically from SciELO through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Predictors of problematic smartphone use among university students

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Author(s):
Paulo Guirro Laurence ; Yuri Busin [2] ; Helena Scoz da Cunha Lima [3] ; Elizeu Coutinho Macedo [4]
Total Authors: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: PSICOLOGIA-REFLEXAO E CRITICA; v. 33, 2020-06-19.
Abstract

Abstract Predictors of problematic smartphone use have been found mainly in studies on elementary and high school students. Few studies have focused on predictors related to social network and messaging apps or smartphone model. Thus, the objective of our study was to identify predictors of problematic smartphone use related to demographic characteristics, loneliness, social app use, and smartphone model among university students. This cross-sectional study involved 257 Brazilian university students who answered a smartphone addiction scale, a questionnaire about smartphone usage patterns, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Women, iPhone owners, and users of Instagram and Snapchat had significantly higher smartphone addiction scores. We found correlations between scores for the Brazilian version of smartphone addiction scale and the importance attributed to WhatsApp, Facebook, Instagram, and Snapchat, and the Brazilian version of the UCLA-R loneliness scale. Our hierarchical regression model predicted 32.2% of the scores of the Brazilian version of the smartphone addiction scale, with the greatest increase in predictive capability by the step that added smartphone social app importance, followed by the step that added loneliness. Adding the smartphone model produced the smallest increase in predictive capability. The theoretical and practical implications of these results are discussed. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/09654-7 - Relating cognitive-visual strategies and executive functions: examples with eye-tracking in inductive reasoning and reading tasks
Grantee:Paulo Guirro Laurence
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate
FAPESP's process: 18/06039-0 - Pattern of use of smartphones and the relation with levels of anxiety, depression and self-esteem
Grantee:Helena Scoz da Cunha Lima
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Scientific Initiation