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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Cytogenetics of the small-sized fish, Copeina guttata (Characiformes, Lebiasinidae): Novel insights into the karyotype differentiation of the family

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Toma, Gustavo Akira [1] ; Rosa de Moraes, Renata Luiza [1] ; Cavalcante Sassi, Francisco de Menezes [1] ; Carlos Bertollo, Luiz Antonio [1] ; de Oliveira, Ezequiel Aguiar [1, 2] ; Rab, Petr [3] ; Sember, Alexandr [3] ; Liehr, Thomas [4] ; Hatanaka, Terumi [1] ; Viana, Patrik Ferreira [5] ; Ferreira Marinho, Manoela Maria [6] ; Feldberg, Eliana [5] ; Cioffi, Marcelo de Bello [4, 1]
Total Authors: 13
[1] Univ Fed Sao Carlos, Lab Citogenet Peixes, Dept Genet & Evolucao, Sao Carlos, SP - Brazil
[2] Secretaria Estado Educ Mato Grosso, Cuiaba, MG - Brazil
[3] Czech Acad Sci, Lab Fish Genet, Inst Anim Physiol & Genet, Libechov - Czech Republic
[4] Univ Hosp Jena, Inst Human Genet, Jena - Germany
[5] Inst Nacl de Pesquisas da Amazonia, Manaus, Amazonas - Brazil
[6] Univ Sao Paulo, Museu Zool, Sao Paulo, SP - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 6
Document type: Journal article
Source: PLoS One; v. 14, n. 12 DEC 19 2019.
Web of Science Citations: 2

Lebiasinidae is a small fish family composed by miniature to small-sized fishes with few cytogenetic data (most of them limited to descriptions of diploid chromosome numbers), thus preventing any evolutionary comparative studies at the chromosomal level. In the present study, we are providing, the first cytogenetic data for the red spotted tetra, Copeina guttata, including the standard karyotype, C-banding, repetitive DNA mapping by fluorescence in situ hybridization (FISH) and comparative genomic hybridization (CGH), providing chromosomal patterns and novel insights into the karyotype differentiation of the family. Males and females share diploid chromosome number 2n = 42 and karyotype composed of 2 metacentric (m), 4 submetacentric (sm) and 36 subtelocentric to acrocentric (st-a) chromosomes. Blocks of constitutive heterochromatin were observed in the centromeric and interstitial regions of several chromosomes, in addition to a remarkably large distal block, heteromorphic in size, which fully corresponded with the 18S rDNA sites in the fourth chromosomal pair. This overlap was confirmed by 5S/18S rDNA dual-color FISH. On the other hand, 5S rDNA clusters were situated in the long and short arms of the 2nd and 15th pairs, respectively. No sex-linked karyotype differences were revealed by male/female CGH experiments. The genomic probes from other two lebiasinid species, Lebiasina melanoguttata and Pyrrhulina brevis, showed positive hybridization signals only in the NOR region in the genome of C. guttata. We demonstrated that karyotype diversification in lebiasinids was accompanied by a series of structural and numeric chromosome rearrangements of different types, including particularly fusions and fissions. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/24235-0 - Karyotype and sex chromosome evolution in Neotropical fishes. Part III.
Grantee:Luiz Antonio Carlos Bertollo
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 18/22033-1 - An intercontinental approach for the investigation of chromosome evolution, genetic diversity and biogeography in the order Osteoglossiformes (Teleostei: Osteoglossomorpha). Part III
Grantee:Marcelo de Bello Cioffi
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 17/09321-5 - Miniature Characiformes (Teleostei: Ostariophysi): evolution, diversity and biogeography
Grantee:Manoela Maria Marinho Koh
Support type: BIOTA-FAPESP Program - Young Investigators Grants