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(Reference retrieved automatically from Web of Science through information on FAPESP grant and its corresponding number as mentioned in the publication by the authors.)

Stability Evaluation of DMT and Harmala Alkaloids in Ayahuasca Tea Samples

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Author(s):
Silveira, Gabriela de Oliveira [1] ; dos Santos, Rafael Guimaraes [2, 3] ; Lourenco, Felipe Rebello [4] ; Rossi, Giordano Novak [2] ; Hallak, Jaime E. C. [2, 3] ; Yonamine, Mauricio [1]
Total Authors: 6
Affiliation:
[1] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Clin & Toxicol Anal, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
[2] Univ Sao Paulo, Dept Neurosci & Behav, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[3] Natl Inst Sci & Technol Translat Med, BR-14049900 Ribeirao Preto - Brazil
[4] Univ Sao Paulo, Sch Pharmaceut Sci, Dept Pharm, BR-05508000 Sao Paulo - Brazil
Total Affiliations: 4
Document type: Journal article
Source: Molecules; v. 25, n. 9 MAY 2020.
Web of Science Citations: 5
Abstract

Ayahuasca tea is a hallucinogenic beverage used for religious purposes in Brazil and many other countries that has therapeutic potential in the treatment of some mental health disorders. In the context of psychedelic research, quantification of the tea's main alkaloids prior to its administration in animal or human studies is essential. For this reason, this study aims to provide information regarding the stability of the main ayahuasca alkaloids (dimethyltryptamine, DMT; harmine, HRM; tetrahydroharmine, THH; harmaline, HRL) in three different conditions: (1) A year stored in a refrigerator either in plastic or glass containers, (2) seven days at 37 degrees C to reproduce usual mail transportation, and (3) after three freeze-thaw cycles. Samples were quantified after a dilute-and-shoot procedure using liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-ESI-MS/MS). There was no significant degradation of DMT concentration over time in all tested conditions. Harmala alkaloids (THH, HRL, and HRM) showed important variations after long-term and high-temperature storages. Although DMT has proven to be stable in all studied conditions, the harmala alkaloids revealed intense degradation and even concentration increment. This may be caused by degradation, alkaloid inter-conversion, and leaching from tea precipitate material. Therefore, ayahuasca quantification before administration in controlled sets is mandatory. (AU)

FAPESP's process: 18/24770-3 - Development of analytical methods for the determination of ayahuasca alkaloids in different matrices applying green analytical chemistry strategies
Grantee:Mauricio Yonamine
Support type: Regular Research Grants
FAPESP's process: 16/06810-2 - Development of analytical methods for the determination of ayahuasca alkaloids in different matrices applying green analytical chemistry strategies
Grantee:Gabriela de Oliveira Silveira
Support type: Scholarships in Brazil - Doctorate